Multinational corporations will use green-field investing to create a new subsidiary in a foreign country, frequently in an emerging market. The term green-field is used because the parent company builds the subsidiary from the ground up similar to a farmer preparing a field for planting.
A downside to green-field investing is the enormous amount of money the parent company may need to spend to get the subsidiary operating. This may include the purchase of land, the building of production facilities, and the training of a local labor force. Other barriers to entry may include meeting local restrictions on foreign businesses, paying required taxes and permit fees, and requirements for the use of domestically manufactured components.
International Markets. Portfolio Management. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Markets International Markets. Foreign Portfolio vs. Key Takeaways Foreign portfolio investment is the purchase of securities of foreign countries, such as stocks and bonds, on an exchange. Foreign direct investment is building or purchasing businesses and their associated infrastructure in a foreign country. Direct investment is seen as a long-term investment in the country's economy, while portfolio investment can be viewed as a short-term move to make money.
Direct investment is likely only suitable for large corporations, institutions, and private equity investors. Article Sources. Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate.
You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in our editorial policy. Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Articles. Portfolio Management What are the advantages of foreign portfolio investment? International Markets Green Field vs. International Markets What are the benefits and risks of greenfield investments? A foreign portfolio investment is a grouping of assets such as stocks, bonds, and cash equivalents.
Portfolio investments are held directly by an investor or managed by financial professionals. In economics , foreign portfolio investment is the entry of funds into a country where foreigners deposit money in a country's bank or make purchases in the country's stock and bond markets , sometimes for speculation. Most foreign portfolio investments consist of securities and other foreign financial assets that are passively held by the foreign investor.
This does not provide the foreign investor with direct ownership of the financial assets and can be relatively liquid depending on the volatility of the market that the investment takes place in. Foreign portfolio investments can be made by individuals, companies, or even governments in international countries. This type of investment is a way for investors to diversify their portfolio with an international advantage. Foreign portfolio investment shows up in a country's capital account.
It is also part of the balance of payments which measures the amount of money flowing in and out of a country over a given time period. Foreign portfolio investment is similar, but differs from foreign direct investment. In foreign portfolio investment the investor purchases stocks, securities and other financial assets but does not actively manage the investments or the companies that are issuing the assets.
So, in FPI the investor does not have direct control over the securities or businesses. Foreign portfolio investments also tend to have a shorter time frame for returns than foreign direct investments. Some benefits that come to investors from utilizing foreign portfolio investments include: .
Portfolio investments typically involve transactions in securities that are highly liquid, i. A portfolio investment is an investment made by an investor who is not involved in the management of a company. This is in contrast to direct investment , which allows an investor to exercise a certain degree of managerial control over a company.
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