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Anders juel keops investment circolo sportivo le molette investment

Anders juel keops investment

Department of Finance. E-mail: kb. Profile Teaching Publications Research In the media. Primary research areas. Administrative tasks. Link to this homepage. Supervising several master thesis and one Ph. Other teaching activities. Many specialized courses and talks for the industry. Selected publications. Bechmann, K. Publications sorted by:. Ken L. Bechmann; Asger Lunde; Allan A.

In: Journal of Corporate Finance, Vol. Bechmann; Casper F. Junge; Joel A. Bechmann; Bo Kruse. In: Finans - Invest, Vol. In: European Journal of Finance, Vol. In: Finans - Invest, No. Bechmann; Toke K. In: European Accounting Review, Vol. In: Markets and Compensation for Executives in Europe. In: Performance of mutual funds: An international perspective.

Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan , p. Bechmann; Toke L. In: Journal of Empirical Finance, Vol. Jesper Rangvid; Ken L. Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School [wp] , 43 p. Copenhagen Business School, No. WP Working paper. Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School [wp] , 36 p. Focus, Copenhagen Stock Exchange, No.

In: Multinational Finance Journal, Vol. The vegetation of sacred sites in Morocco was studied recently. Information about their number, spatial pattern or relief position is fragmentary. However, these parameters are important to evaluate their role as refuge for organisms and their representativeness of potential natural vegetation. Therefore, density and spatial pattern of sacred sites on the Tangier Peninsula in NW Morocco were studied based on records on topographic maps and by ground check.

Their relief position was examined calculating a logistic regression model based on site -presences and random pseudo-absences. They occur in the whole study area but are agglomerated around settlements. Although sacred sites occur with preference at elevated sites they can be found in almost all relief positions, thus offering the potential of supporting different types of climax vegetation climatic climax and pedoclimax. This session in Tulsa, Oklahoma, is the sixth in a series of listening sessions Old forests are an important component in sacred sites , yet they are at risk of growth decline from ongoing global warming and increased human activities.

Growth decline, characterized by chronic loss of tree vigor, is not a recent phenomenon. Knowledge of past occurrence of declines is useful for preparing conservation plans because it helps understand if present day forests are outside the natural range of variation in tree health. We report a dendroecological study of growth decline events in the past two centuries at two sacred sites , Hengshan and Wutaishan, in Shanxi province of northern China. Tree rings collected at both sites show distinct periods of declining growth evident as narrow rings.

These occurred in the s in both sites , in the s in Wutaishan and in the s in Hengshan. By comparing the pattern of grow declines at the two sites , we hypothesize that resistance of tree growth to external disturbances is forest size dependent, and increased human activity might be a factor additional to climatic droughts in causing the recent strong growth decline at Hengshan Park.

Despite these past declines, the forests at both sites have high resilience to disturbances as evidenced by the ability of trees to recover their growth rates to levels comparable to the pre-decline period. Managers should consider reducing fragmentation and restoring natural habitat of old forests, especially in areas on dry sites. Full Text Available Old forests are an important component in sacred sites , yet they are at risk of growth decline from ongoing global warming and increased human activities.

The nature and workings of sacred intellect from the perspective of Avicenna. Full Text Available Sacred intellect in Avicenna, a degree of rationality in which the highest form of communication is done with the intellectual world. Reasonable time to the times of human rationality is achieved without difficulty, pain and time, only be achieved by applying guess. The owners of Avicenna's top intellects in human beings are sacred and highest prophet for them. These people are the first intelligible human teachers perceive first and put it to other people.

Bu-Ali about how to communicate the power of the active intellect and innate or acquired its own works differently to comment the funds are somehow retractable. To prove his philosophical question of the nature and functions of the sacred intellect as much existence of intellect, perception as well as all forms of The Holy Quran verses seeks help.

There is very little exploration from the managerial perspectives, given that decisions regarding the nature of the experience, the product and service delivery strategies aimed at providing a diversity of visitors with rewarding, satisfying and memorable experiences, solely depends on these individuals, whose personal att The belives on the asphalt. This sacred quality is achieved by installing crucifixes, altars and niches for virgins and saints.

These symbols of folk religion not only adorn public sites , but also offer protection, serve as mnemonic devices and manage spatial liminality -all this in a chaotic city where public spaces are considered to be almost extinct. Sacred Space. A space can be sacred , providing those who inhabit a particular space with sense of transcendence-being connected to something greater than oneself.

The sacredness may be inherent in the space, as for a religious institution or a serene place outdoors. Alternatively, a space may be made sacred by the people within it and events that occur there. As medical providers, we have the opportunity to create sacred space in our examination rooms and with our patient interactions. This sacred space can be healing to our patients and can bring us providers opportunities for increased connection, joy, and gratitude in our daily work.

An inter-disciplinary methodology was formulated with 3 distinct foci of enquiry. First, shifting attention away from a traditional preoccupation with the stupa monument, the wider archaeological context of the site of Bharhut has been comprehensively examined. Examination of the site has established the extent, nature and life-span of Bharhut.

Examination of the wider region has resulted in the discovery of new sites. The spatial analysis Consideration of the evidence of the site Sustainability and sacred values. Full Text Available Successful implementation of the quest for sustainable use of the planet requires that human society both reexamine and expand present views of what is sacred and what is not.

The most important aspect will be going beyond a homocentric focus to a biocentric emphasis. A unifying theme would be the desire to leave a habitable planet for human descendants and those of other species. It is unlikely that society can be confident of achieving sustainability until persuasive evidence supporting this belief has existed for several generations.

In order for sustainable use of the planet to persist indefinitely, the conditions essential to this state must be morally preserved on sacred grounds. Viewing natural systems as sacred requires not only preventing damage to them but, wherever possible, repairing damage to them caused by humankind. Full Text Available Despite its reputation as one of the most inhospitable areas in the world, the Tarim Basin has been home to thriving agricultural and mercantile communities since the early centuries of the Common Era, when oasis cities were linked in a lucrative network of Eurasian trade.

Dec 21, Three sacred sites According to This index is used to measure the similarity between two habitats. The changing landscape of sacred groves in Kerala India : A critical view on the role of religion in nature conservation. Sacred groves are an age-old and world-wide phenomenon, traditionally consisting of forest zones, protected by people based on their spiritual relationship with the deities or ancestral spirits believed to reside there. India alone counts nearly 50, sacred groves, with in Kerala where they.

Late in February, deep in the heart of the northern hemisphere winter, Ojibwe people know to look to the east a few hours after sunset and offer tobacco to Mizhi Bizhiw -Curly Tail, the Great Spirit Cat in the night sky. There are many beautiful and layered teachings about Mizhi Bizhiw - Curly Tail relating to the coming of spring, respect for the water, sugar bush camp, but most important; knowing the stars meant survival.

Painted high on the granite rock cliffs above the glacial waters in red ochre is the Mizhi Bizhiw - Curly Tail constellation. It is here that tangible and intangible star knowledge meet. In D L akota star knowledge one of the most important teachings is kapemni.

The top triangle is inverted so that the pair meets at the apex. It is understood that the top realm represents the sky above, the stars or the spirit world. The bottom tipi represents the Earth, the material or the physical world. This is a beautiful example of a kapemni pair or an earth-sky mirroring.

These are examples of cultural heritage that is. Our goal was to document effects of year-round supplemental feeding on breeding ecology of the Buff-throated Partridge, Tetraophasis szechenyii, within a Tibetan sacred site. We compared fed breeding groups to neighboring nonfed groups. Fed groups initiated first clutches significantly earlier than nonfed groups. Earlier laying groups within fed and nonfed groups showed significantly lower hatching rates than later groups; however, fed groups showed significantly higher hatching rates than nonfed groups laying in the same period.

Earlier laying increased opportunities to renest. All six fed groups with clutch failures renested compared to only one of five nonfed groups with clutch failures. Fed female breeders showed significantly greater investment in their young with larger clutches and larger eggs, which likely increased survivability of early hatchlings. We observed no predation on birds at feeding sites and recorded only four cases of predation on incubating females, which showed no detectable difference between fed and nonfed groups.

Ground-nesting birds typically face high risks of predation. Ten of the 48 groups nested in trees, which occurs in few phasianid species. Tree nests showed significantly higher hatching rates compared to ground nests; however, we found no significant difference in tree nesting between fed and nonfed groups.

This partridge is one of four gallinaceous species with cooperative breeding. Breeding groups with helpers had significantly greater reproductive success than single pairs, and fed female breeders with helpers laid bigger eggs than single pairs.

Sacred Groves, Spirituality and Sustainable Development in Since creation, mankind has strived to maintain a positive relationship with nature by preserving and making certain specific trees, water bodies, highlands and other places sacred. The practice of keeping sacred groves is one of the ways which promotes this human, ecological and spiritual connection. These groves Full Text Available The present article attempts to defi ne the parameters of competency of natural theology and the ways this theological information may be applied.

The author demonstrates the fact that the natural knowledge of God, the prototype of this branch of theology, is the invariable basis and starting point of religious consciousness. In order to better understand this fact, the antithesis of this principle is examined in the work of Kant and Barth both of whom sought to destroy the basis of natural theology proceeding respectively from a philosophical and a theological standpoint. Finally, the author reviews the methods explored by Orthodox theology of the patristic period which defi ned more clearly the concept of natural theology and sought to discover the limits of its use.

ISSN: The aim of the study was to assess the plant species diversity in the sacred sites of Systematic sampling was the technique used for collecting data from the Sacred Way Greek World. Sacred ways were roads that led to major sanctuaries, typically those located at a distance from the urban center, and were the vehicles for the processions involved in civic festivals at these shrines. Religious and Sacred Poetry.

The Periodical is dedicated to religious poetry and sacred poetry, education, religion, culture and upbringing. Sacred Sky and Cyberspace. The concept of the sacred world beyond the stars found expression in the works of Plato, into Gnosticism and was incorporated into Christianity where medieval images of the cosmos pictured the heavenly domain as beyond the stars. Today cyberspace literature abounds with descriptions of a transmundane space, a great Beyond.

This talk looks at current views of cyberspace and asks if they are a re-packaging of the age-old concept of a sacred sky in a secular and technological format? The Truth of Sacred Scripture. Sacred or Neural? Are religious spiritual experiences merely the product of the human nervous system?

Anne L. Runehov investigates the potential of contemporary neuroscience to explain religious experiences. Runehov's theis is that the perspectives looked at do not necessarily exclude each other but can be merged The question " sacred or neural? The synergies thus produced provide manifold opportunities for interdisciplinary dialogue and research A total 41 different Sacred Groves in Bolpur sub- division area were randomly Groves of Bolpur Cockroach Periplaneta anericane ,Black bee.

Historia interprets historical human events as empirical, material and real while seeking to understand their moral and spiritual significance. Mortimer Adler rightly sees that the vision of the beautiful is inherently contemplative, thus sacred iconography provides a language that can form the common sense of men and women. The Sacred in Mircea Eliade. Full Text Available This paper is an exposition of the main concepts of Mircea Eliade and how they articulate between them.

Firstly, we will talk about his most important concept: the sacred. Secondly, we will talk about the foundation of the world that allow the foundation of the sacred by the primitive man. Thirdly, we will deal with the concept of repetition defined as the sacred in time.

Then, we will have to speak about the two big conceptions of time: the cyclical conception and the linear conception. Last, we will speak about the forgetfulness of the sacred in modern society. Distribution and abundance of sacred monkeys in Igboland, southern Nigeria. Although primates are hunted on a global scale, some species are protected against harassment and killing by taboos or religious doctrines. Sites where the killing of sacred monkeys or the destruction of sacred groves is forbidden may be integral to the conservation of certain species.

In , as part of a distribution survey of Sclater's guenon Cercopithecus sclateri in southern Nigeria, we investigated reports of sacred monkeys in the Igbo-speaking region of Nigeria. We confirmed nine new sites where primates are protected as sacred : four with tantalus monkeys Chlorocebus tantalus and five with mona monkeys Cercopithecus mona. During , we visited two communities Akpugoeze and Lagwa previously known to harbor sacred populations of Ce.

We directly counted all groups and compared our estimates with previous counts when available. We also estimated the size of sacred groves and compared these with grove sizes reported in the literature. The mean size of the sacred groves in Akpugoeze 2. We estimated a total population of Sclater's monkeys in 15 groups in Lagwa and monkeys in 20 groups in Akpugoeze.

The Akpugoeze population was relatively stable over two decades, although the proportion of infants declined, and the number of groups increased. As Sclater's monkey does not occur in any official protected areas, sacred populations are important to the species' long-term conservation. Despite the monkeys' destruction of human crops, most local people still adhere to the custom of not killing monkeys. These sites represent ideal locations in which to study the ecology of Sclater's monkey and human-wildlife interactions.

Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site , Washington. This document presents the natural phenomena hazard loads for use in implementing DOE Order The natural phenomena covered are seismic, flood, wind, volcanic ash, lightning, snow, temperature, solar radiation, suspended sediment, and relative humidity. Darwin's Sacred Cause. As we are being flooded by Darwin lollipops, t-shirts, quills and stamps it is becoming increasingly difficult to be heard or seen in the commercialised celebration in Some are in the business for the science, but a lot are in it for profit.

Accordingly, the Darwin industry has left the hands The influence of sacred beliefs in environmental risk perception and attitudes. Elements of the natural world, such as mountains, rivers, and forests, are often seen as sacred in many cultural traditions. Recent conservation movements have even begun to draw on spiritual and religious beliefs to promote issues of environmental sustainability.

The straightforward assumption in these cases is that sacred beliefs compared with secular ones will The sacred , the secular, and the profane. Due to neoliberal reforms Fannish tattooing and sacred identity. Full Text Available Pleasure is an important motivation for fans to adopt texts. Fannish tattoos function to demonstrate affective investments in a text; they are also a performance of fandom and an example of sacred fan identity. Like engaging in cosplay or wearing clothing that features logos, fannish tattoos mark people as fans of a text.

Furthermore, the more obscure the logo or fannish reference, the more performative the tattoo. Fannish tattoos help to construct a sacred fan identity. Within the context of fannish tattoos, fan affect gains similar significance. Natural Remediation at Savannah River Site. Natural remediation is a general term that includes any technology or strategy that takes advantage of natural processes to remediate a contaminated media to a condition that is protective of human health and the environment.

Natural remediation techniques are often passive and minimally disruptive to the environment. They are generally implemented in conjunction with traditional remedial solutions for source control i. Natural remediation techniques being employed at Savannah River Site SRS include enhanced bio-remediation, monitored natural attenuation, and phytoremediation. Enhanced bio-remediation involves making nutrients available and conditions favorable for microbial growth.

With proper precautions and feeding, the naturally existing microbes flourish and consume the contaminants. Case studies of enhanced bio-remediation include surface soils contaminated with PCBs and pesticides, and Volatile Organic Compound VOC contamination in both the vadose zone and groundwater. Monitored natural attenuation MNA has been selected as the preferred alternative for groundwater clean up at several SRS waste units.

Successful implementation of MNA has been based on demonstration that sources have been controlled, groundwater modeling that indicates that plumes will not expand or reach surface water discharge points at levels that exceed regulatory limits, and continued monitoring.

Phytoremediation is being successfully utilized at several SRS waste units. Phytoremediation involves using plants and vegetation to uptake, break down, or manage contaminants in groundwater or soils. Case studies at SRS include managing groundwater plumes of tritium and VOCs with pine trees that are native to the area. Significant decreases in tritium discharge to a site stream have been realized in one phytoremediation project.

Studies of other vegetation types, methods of application, and other target contaminants are. On a global scale, the existing Sacred Groves SGs are based on ancestral worship and focus on the conservation of forest patches. Sacred groves are distributed over a wide ecosystem and help in the conservation of rare and endemic species.

Well preserved sites are store houses of biological, ecological, medicinal, ethno-cultural and religious values. For a detailed investigation, sample areas were set, for th These sacred sites are regarded as the temples of god by the local people due to their beliefs, but technically the forests are centres of biodiversity. In recent times, anthropogenic interference activities expose the forest to threat and challenges which make the development and adoption of conservation strategies inevitable.

In the United States, the academically approved way of dealing with these…. The price of your soul: neural evidence for the non-utilitarian representation of sacred values. Sacred values, such as those associated with religious or ethnic identity, underlie many important individual and group decisions in life, and individuals typically resist attempts to trade off their sacred values in exchange for material benefits. Deontological theory suggests that sacred values are processed based on rights and wrongs irrespective of outcomes, while utilitarian theory suggests that they are processed based on costs and benefits of potential outcomes, but which mode of processing an individual naturally uses is unknown.

The study of decisions over sacred values is difficult because outcomes cannot typically be realized in a laboratory, and hence little is known about the neural representation and processing of sacred values. We used an experimental paradigm that used integrity as a proxy for sacredness and which paid real money to induce individuals to sell their personal values.

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI , we found that values that people refused to sell sacred values were associated with increased activity in the left temporoparietal junction and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, regions previously associated with semantic rule retrieval. This suggests that sacred values affect behaviour through the retrieval and processing of deontic rules and not through a utilitarian evaluation of costs and benefits. The sacred geography of Kapila: the Kapilasrama of Sidhpur.

In India this Kapila belongs to a scholarly tradition preserved mainly by pandits with a knowledge of Sanskrit and, for the last hundred years, also by professors in the Indian university system. In this article, the symbolic significance of one of the most important pilgrimage centres connected with Kapila, Sidhpur in Gujarat, is explored. The close connection between the sacred narratives and the rituals performed at the pilgrimage centre is a significant feature of the sacred places devoted to Kapila.

At every place of pilgrimage to Kapila there are narratives about him which account for the sacredness of the place. These narratives belong to the geography of Hindu India as much as to the mythology of the Hindu tradition.

The life history of Kapila is engraved in a sacred landscape. The place where Kapila was born, the place where he gave the sacred knowledge of ultimate reality to his mother, the different places where he performed tapas, the place where he killed the sons of King Sagara are all part of India's imagined landscape. The promise of the Kapila pilgrimage sites is that these places have power in themselves to remove moral impurity and grant moksa to the pilgrims.

The sacred narratives of Kapila function to make this promise trustworthy. Religion, group threat and sacred values. Full Text Available Sacred or protected values have important influences on decision making, particularly in the context of intergroup disputes.

Thus far, we know little about the process of a value becoming sacred or why one person may be more likely than another to hold a sacred value. We present evidence that participation in religious ritual and perceived threat to the group lead people to be more likely to consider preferences as protected or sacred values. Specifically, three studies carried out with Americans and Palestinians show: a that the more people participate in religious ritual the more likely they are to report a preference to be a sacred value Studies ; b that people claim more sacred values when they are reminded of religious ritual Study 2; and c that the effect of religious ritual on the likelihood of holding a sacred value is amplified by the perception of high threat to the in-group Study 3.

We discuss implications of these findings for understanding intergroup conflicts, and suggest avenues for future research into the emergence and spread of sacred values. Sacred Space and Sublime Sacramental Piety. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume Feminist research has both held and contested experience as a category of epistemological importance, often as a secular notion.

Natural phenomena analyses, Hanford Site , Washington. Probabilistic seismic hazard studies completed for the Washington Public Power Supply System's Nuclear Plant 2 and for the US Department of Energy's N Reactor sites , both on the Hanford Site , suggested that the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory seismic exposure estimates were lower than appropriate, especially for sites near potential seismic sources.

The recommended ground motion for high-hazard facilities is somewhat higher than the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory model and the ground motion from small-magnitude earthquakes is addressed separately from the moderate- to large-magnitude earthquake ground motion.

The severe wind and tornado hazards determined for the Hanford Siste are in agreement with work completed independently using 43 years of site data. The low-probability, high-hazard, design-basis flood at the Hanford Site is dominated by dam failure on the Columbia River. Further evaluation of the mechanisms and probabilities of such flooding is in progress. The Hanford Site is downwind from several active Cascade volcanoes. Geologic and historical data are used to estimate the ashfall hazard.

These sacred groves are what remain of the once vast tropical Afromontane dry forest. Herein we review the landscape pattern of sacred groves in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and their local scale nutrient status at two sites , Zahara and Debresena. A total of 1, sacred groves were inventoried within the study area, yielding an overall density of one sacred grove for every twenty square kilometers.

Sacred groves averaged a little over five hectares and were separated from one another by more than two kilometers. At the local scale we found that soil carbon and nitrogen stocks have decreased significantly between the forest interior and the clearing indicating decreased soil fertility.

Together our data indicate that these sacred groves are vulnerable to loss because of their small average size, isolation from seed sources, and decreasing soil status. Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Religion, in promoting outlandish beliefs and costly rituals, increases ingroup trust but also may increase mistrust and conflict with outgroups.

Moralizing gods emerged over the last few millennia, enabling large-scale cooperation, and sociopolitical conquest even without war. Whether for cooperation or conflict, sacred values, like devotion to God or a collective cause, signal group identity and operate as moral imperatives that inspire nonrational exertions independent of likely outcomes. In conflict situations, otherwise mundane sociopolitical preferences may become sacred values, acquiring immunity to material incentives. Sacred values sustain intractable conflicts that defy "business-like" negotiation, but also provide surprising opportunities for resolution.

Sacred space and the healing journey. Sacred space and spirituality have long been used to heal the mind, body, and spirit. This article illuminates the origins of sacred space and its role as a healing environment from the first human construct, the burial mound, to the 5th Century BCE Greek healing city of Epidaurus. It then examines the role of spirituality as one of the necessary human institutions for a healthy society, according to the Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico.

Borns, David J. Screening of sites for the potential application and reliance upon monitored natural attenuation MNA can be done using MNAtoolbox, a web-based tool for estimating extent of biodegradation, chemical transformation, and dilution. MNAtoolbox uses site -specific input data, where available default parameters are taken from the literature , to roughly quantify the nature and extent of attenuation at a particular site.

Use of MNAtoolbox provides 3 important elements of site evaluation: 1 Identifies likely attenuation pathways, 2 Clearly identifies sites where MNA is inappropriate, and 3 Evaluates data requirements for subsequent reliance on MNA as a sole or partial corrective action.

Sacred places in global big cities. The question is if the development of modern societies has implied the gradual abolishment of religious beliefs, rituals and rites, or has it on the contrary implied the installment of new forms of religious Then it will turn The question of sacred places in modern societies involves an analytical perspective, which is not very prevalent in sociology, namely the anthropological or even better: the ethnological perspective.

With this theme we have entered a veritable dispute, or controversy, in sociology about Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program. Full Text Available Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national security and global peace. Yet, there is little scientific study or understanding of how material incentives and disincentives, such as economic sanctions, psychologically affect the targeted population and potentially influence behaviour.

Here we explore the Iranian nuclear program within a paradigm concerned with sacred values. We integrate experiments within a survey of Iranians. This pattern was specific to nuclear energy and did not hold for acquiring nuclear weapons. The present study is the first demonstration of the backfire effect for material disincentives as well as incentives, and on an issue whose apparent sacred nature is recent rather than longstanding. In , the Australian government legislated to prohibit 'gay marriage'; the religious right had lobbied vigorously for passage of this legislation.

Drawing on Durkheim's theory of sacred and profane, this paper examines the argument proffered by right-wing Christians that allowing legalised unions between lesbians and between gay men would seriously undermine the institution of marriage and the family. Claims about the spectre of gays and lesbians marrying reveal a deeper unease about the status of heterosexual marriage and the nuclear family. These concerns, in turn, house a deeper unease about the nature and place of masculinity in contemporary Australian society.

This disquiet about masculinity and masculine authority is isomorphic with concerns about challenges to the notion of an objective epistemological order. Marriage and nature are both sacred in Durkheimian terms because they must be radically separated from matters profane. By locating heterosexual marriage within the domain of nature , it is protected from contact with things that threaten its sacred status. However, Durkheim's theory of the sacred is simultaneously an account of the exercise of ideological power.

Attempts to cast heterosexual marriage as sacred and, therefore, as inviolate are inextricably linked with attempts to protect an epistemological order linked to masculine authority. Remediation of Caldas Site by natural attenuation. Acid mine drainage AMD is one of the main environmental issue caused by chemical and bacterial oxidation of pyrite FeS 2 and other sulfite minerals when exposed to atmospheric conditions during mining. In Brazil, AMD occurs in a former uranium mine and contains radionuclides and other elements, which are precipitated from acidic water by liming.

In this work the natural remediation approach is reviewed and an initial chemical and radiochemical characterization of the reservoir sediments is presented. Twenty-six sediment samples were collected in the reservoir and a bathymetry survey by sonar was performed to determine the thickness of the sediment layer. All the data were processed using the ArcGIS program. To assess the potential mobility and bioavailability of contaminants and to study the role of bacterial sulfate reduction in the immobilization of these contaminants, Acid-volatile sulfide AVS analyzes will be performed as a further step.

Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site , south central Washington. The purpose of this document is twofold: 1 summarize the NPH that are important to the design and evaluation of structures, systems, and components at the Hanford Site ; 2 develop the appropriate natural phenomena loads for use in the implementation of DOE Order Natural Capital - putting a value on geological sites. Natural Capital is a mechanism through which a value can be placed on nature allowing it to be considered alongside other assets.

When the Government of the United Kingdom produced a Natural Environment White Paper The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature in there was no direct mention of geosites, geoheritage or geodiversity. One ambition of the Natural Environment White Paper was to stop environmental degradation and to rebuild natural capital and to value it. Whilst landscapes are mentioned in the paper geodiversity is not directly and this has been problematic for funding and recognition within the UK.

Natural Capital is being used as the basis for many of the environmental reviews therefore it is essential that geodiversity can be included within this. The Natural Capital Committee defines natural capital as 'those elements of the natural environment which provide valuable goods and services to people'. Specifically, the values associated with abiotic nature geodiversity are frequently undervalued or ignored.

The English Geodiversity Forum have been producing case studies as to how this might be done for different locations and this paper will present the work of this and how a value can be attributed to geodiversity. For example links to tourism and recreation within areas such as the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site and the Black Country proposed Geopark are easy to place a value on but it is more difficult with educational, scientific sites.

Using an ecosystems services and biodiversity analogies this paper presents a framework that can be adopted for evaluation of geological sites. Defra The state of natural capital: protecting and improving natural capital for prosperity and wellbeing. Assessment of traditional ecological knowledge and beliefs in the utilisation of important plant species: The case of Buhanga sacred forest, Rwanda.

Full Text Available Traditional ecological knowledge is an integrated part of the African people and indeed the Rwandese for cultural purpose. Buhanga sacred forest is a relict forest of tremendous ecological importance to Rwandan society located in Musanze District. The aim of this study was to assess the traditional ecological knowledge and belief in the utilisation of some important plant species for the conservation of Buhanga sacred forest.

Ecological information about ethnomedicinal and traditional practices were collected following structured questionnaire through interview involving eight traditional healers and three focus group discussions. Data were collected from the natural habitats, home gardens, farmlands and roadsides of Buhanga sacred forest. A total of 45 botanical taxa belonging to 28 families were reported to be used by the local community. Species such as Brillantaisia cicatricosa and Senna septemtrionalis were the popular species cited by traditional healers to treat human and animal diseases and ailments, respectively.

The results of the study indicated that because of the cultural norms and values associated with the sacred forest, this has led to non-exploitation. The study presents key sites and plant species in which their use and belief can lead to their conservation. However, not only is it imperative to conserve traditional local knowledge for biocultural conservation motives but there is also need to train traditional healers on how to domesticate indigenous species as conservation measure because some species have become susceptible to extinction.

Conservation implications: Highlighting indigenous species investigated in this research will provide a powerful tool for ensuring biodiversity conservation through community participation in a country of high population density in Africa. Some plant species that provided satisfactory Local Health Traditions among communities surrounding Buhanga can contribute as good material for further.

In order to comply with DOE Order Appropriate approaches are outlined to ensure that the current state-of-the-art methodologies and procedures are used in the site characterization. General and detailed site characterization requirements are provided in the areas of meteorology, hydrology, geology, seismology and geotechnical studies. Consideration of natural attenuation.

In remedation contaminated sites. In the present position paper the way how to consider natural attenuation in practical remediation of contaminated sites is described. The systematic approach outlined allows an understandable decision-finding. It is, however, also explained that when carrying out MNA a decision always made in an individual case is concerned which should be made in a close agreement between the obligated party and the authority.

Selection of radioactive waste disposal site considering natural processes. To dispose the radioactive waste, it is necessary to consider the transfer of material in natural environment. The points of consideration are 1 Long residence time of water 2 Independence of biosphere from the compartment containing the disposal site in the natural hydrologic cycle 3 Dilution with the natural inactive isotope or the same group of elements.

Isotope dilution for I and 14 C can be expected by proper selection of the site. For Np and 99 Tc anionic condition is important for the selection. From the point of view of hydrologic cycle, anoxic dead water zone avoiding beneath mountain area is preferable for the disposal site. Estimating wind frequency limits for natural ventilation at remote sites. Detailed wind data are collected at a limited number of sites , usually at airports. When a building is sited remote from the nearest wind data collection site , estimating wind frequency is more complex.

The techniques involved come from the discipline of wind engineering. Where there is a relatively flat terrain between the wind data-recording site and the building site , simple computations can be made to account for the wind velocities over intervening terrain roughness.

Where significant topographic features such as hills or mountains are present between the wind data-recording site and the building site , then boundary layer wind tunnel studies will be necessary to determine the influence of such features on wind speed and direction. Rough estimates can be calculated using factors used in some wind loading codes. When buildings are to be designed to take advantage of the energy efficiency offered by natural ventilation, it is important to estimate the actual potential for such ventilation.

The natural ventilation potential can be estimated in terms of the percentage of time when wind exceeds some minimum value. For buildings near airports this is a relatively simple procedure. Such estimates are important as they also indicate the likely percentage of time when fans or other energy consuming devices will be needed to maintain indoor thermal comfort. This paper identifies the wind engineering techniques that can be used for such estimates and gives examples of such calculations.

The nature of the active site in heterogeneous metal catalysis. This tutorial review, of relevance for the surface science and heterogeneous catalysis communities, provides a molecular-level discussion of the nature of the active sites in metal catalysis. Fundamental concepts such as "Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi relations'' and "volcano curves'' are introduced Remedial technology for contaminated natural gas dehydrator sites. Ground water and soil contamination at many of Michigan's oil and gas well sites has been attributed to natural gas dehydration processes.

Since water was once thought to be the only by-product from the dehydration process, condensate from the process was discharged directly to the ground for several years. This condensate was later found to contain benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, and xylenes BTEX , and the process of discharging condensate to the ground was stopped. Many oil and gas well sites had become impacted from the process during this time. Although condensate is no longer discharged to the ground, soil and water contamination still remains at many of these sites.

In the last few years, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources has targeted over 90 well sites for assessment of contamination associated with gas dehydration. The results of many of these assessments indicate that soil and ground water have been impacted, and the State of Michigan has mandated cleanup of these sites. This paper is a discussion of the technology, implementation, and results from each of these methods.

This course focuses on a number of important religious sites in the ancient Mediterranean and in the modern world, including the Parthenon, Olympia, Delphi, Stonehenge, and Muir Woods. These places are compared and contrasted in terms of what makes them sacred. Two pilgrimage experiences are part of this course: the hajj to Mecca and the Camino de Santiago de Compostela. Resting site use of giant pandas in Wanglang Nature Reserve. Little is known about the resting sites used by the giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca , which restricts our understanding of their resting habits and limits conservation efforts.

To enhance our understanding of resting site requirements and factors affecting the resting time of giant pandas, we investigated the characteristics of resting sites in the Wanglang Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, China. We found that the resting sites were closer to bamboo than to trees and shrubs, suggesting that the resting site use of giant pandas is closely related to the presence of bamboo.

Considering that giant pandas typically rest near a large-sized tree, protection of large trees in the forests is of considerable importance for the conservation of this species. Furthermore, slope was found to be an important factor affecting the resting time of giant pandas, as they tended to rest for a relatively longer time in sites with a smaller degree of slope. Violence and the Sacred in Georges Bataille's Philosophy. Full Text Available The article considers the concepts of violence and the sacred in the work of the French philosopher Georges Bataille.

The author also puts forward the hypothesis of the connection between the concept violence and the concept the sacred and demonstrates that it is most thoroughly represented in the last period of his work, although it may have been noted before. Rituals and Sacred Space of Pandharpur, India.

Until comparatively recent the knowledge of the history and concept of Pandharpur as a sacred town has been The small town Pandharpur, situated about two hundred kilometres south east of Pune, is one of the most popular sacred places in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is dedicated to the god Vithoba who is considered to be an incarnation of Vishnu in the form of Krishna. Pandharpur and Vithoba plays In fact the religious life of the town is to a great extent dominated by the presence of this Sampradaya, and the great Profaning the Sacred in Leadership Studies.

In the novel, self-sacrifice does not function as a way of establishing a leadership position, but as a way to avoid the dangers associated with leadership, and possibly redeem humans The leadership literature is full of stories of heroic self-sacrifice. Sacrificial leadership behaviour, some scholars conclude, is to be recommended. In this article we follow Keith Grint's conceptualization of leadership as necessarily pertaining to the sacred , but-drawing on Giorgio Agamben By means of a thematic reading HMIP has a research programme investigating some naturally radioactive sites as geochemical analogues of radionuclide migration.

The objective is to test thermodynamic databases and computer codes used for modelling radionuclide migration under environmental conditions. This report describes the study of transport and retardation processes affecting natural radionuclides, mainly uranium U , in the vicinity of pitchblende veins in the cliff at Needle's Eye on the Solway Coast, SW Scotland. The natural decay series results from this study have been used to develop a well constrained geochemical model within which the codes can be tested.

A conceptual geochemical model for the behaviour of U at the site was developed in stage I of the study; work in stage II is concerned with improving the information available on the U source term, groundwater chemistry, U aqueous phase specification, U retardation by fracture-lining minerals during fissure flow of groundwater, U-organic associations and loss of U from the site by stream drainage.

Psychoanalysis: the sacred and the profane. Colleagues from a variety of perspectives have written about the propensity to enshrine psychoanalytic theory. The meaning of the word "enshrine" is to cherish as sacred an idea or philosophy and protect it from change. In other words, the way we view psychoanalysis, our theories of mind and technique, become holy writ and we have divided the world of theory into the sacred and the profane. This is the kiss of death for theory, which must constantly evolve and change, but comforting for the analyst who believes he is on the side of the right, the sacred.

In this paper I will discuss how our propensity to enshrine theory has had a debilitating effect on the development of psychoanalysis and, in particular, as a treatment for the most vulnerable people who seek our help. I also address the idea that movement away from enshrined positions allows us to construct different versions of reality.

In this context, the notion of "action at a distance" is presented along with the attendant idea of psychoanalytic entanglement. Full Text Available Consequently implementing a vision that was mostly phenomenological and hermeneutical on the object and of the religious doctrine and content, Mircea Eliade had a remarkable contribution of originality and profoundness to the study of the problems related to sacred and profane and symbol and ritual. Due to the more than obvious contemporaneity importance of the preoccupations and behaviour of homo religious, in post-modernity, starting from the dialogue between science and religion, we consider that there is the necessity and opportuness in a secularised and desacralized world to dedicate a study, years later from the birth of the eminent professor, to the manner the Romanian eminent researcher Mircea Eliade saw and explained the sacred , the symbol and the ritual.

This study is questing the concepts of sacred and profane through Islamic prospective of ontology, in which it confirms that the dualism of sacred and profane is involved in the spirit existence, not in the natural or material as the Western thought alleges.

Much is also the achievement of perfect existence, or retrieval of pure spirit and not retrieval of the origin of creation according to Christian thought. Otherwise, the existence became profane when it has been disintegrated by obstruction of spirit functions, or losing of the spirit totally.

Therefore, the concept of sacred in Islam is the perfect existence by spirit; conversely, the profane is isintegration of spirit. Site Screening and Technical Guidance for Monitored Natural Attenuation at DOE Sites briefly outlines the biological and geochemical origins of natural attenuation, the tendency for natural processes in soils to mitigate contaminant transport and availability, and the means for relying on monitored natural attenuation MNA for remediation of contaminated soils and groundwaters.

This report contains a step-by-step guide for 1 screening contaminated soils and groundwaters on the basis of their potential for remediation by natural attenuation and 2 implementing MNA consistent with EPA OSWER Directive Further technical advances may cause some of the approach outlined in this document to change over time.

This presentation summarizes the results of a screening process to identify TCE plumes at DOE facilities that are suitable for assessing the rate of TCE cometabolism under aerobic conditions. In order to estimate aerobic degradation rates, plumes had to meet the following criteria: TCE must be present in aerobic groundwater, a conservative co-contaminant must be present and have approximately the same source as TCE, and the groundwater velocity must be known.

For each of these sites , a co-contaminant derived from the same source area as TCE was used as a nonbiodegrading tracer. The tracer determined the extent to which concentration decreases in the plume can be accounted for solely by abiotic processes such as dispersion and dilution. Any concentration decreases not accounted for by these processes must be explained by some other natural attenuation mechanism.

Thus, ''half-lives'' presented herein are in addition to attenuation that occurs due to hydrologic mechanisms. This ''tracer-corrected method'' has previously been used at the DOE's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in conjunction with other techniques to document the occurrence of intrinsic aerobic cometabolism. Application of this method to other DOE sites is the first step to determining whether this might be a significant natural attenuation mechanism on a broader scale.

Application of the tracer-corrected method to data from the Brookhaven. Subcellular site and nature of intracellular cadmium in plants. The mechanisms underlying heavy metal accumulation, toxicity, and tolerance in higher plants are poorly understood.

Since subcellular processes are undoubtedly involved in all these phenomena, it is of interest to study the extent, subcellular site and nature of intracellularly accumulated cadmium in higher plants. Preparation of protoplasts from aerial tissues followed by subcellular fractionation of the protoplasts to obtain intact vacuoles, chloroplasts and cytosol revealed the presence of Cd in the cytosol but not in vacuoles or chloroplasts.

No evidence was obtained for the production of volatile Cd complexes in tobacco. Natural radioactivity in ground water near the Savannah River Site. A study of natural radioactivity in groundwater on and adjacent to the Savannah River Site SRS in Aiken SC was conducted to determine the spatial and temporal variations in the concentration of specific radionuclides.

TRADING FOREX ONLINE INDONESIA

Data were collected using a semi-structured interview guide comprising both open- and close-ended questions. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded thematically using NVivo 10 software using a priori and emergent codes.

Participants' characteristics were analyzed descriptively using SPSS The impact of telemedicine on physicians' recruitment and retention in underserved areas was perceived with some variability. Among the physicians who were interviewed, most 36 thought that telemedicine could have a positive impact on their recruitment and retention but many 24 believed the opposite.

The advantages noted by the first included telemedicine's ability to break their professional isolation and reduce the stress related to this, facilitate their distance learning and improve their working conditions. They did acknowledge that it is not sufficient in itself, an opinion also shared by physicians who did not believe that telemedicine could affect their recruitment and retention. Both identified contextual, economic, educational, family, individual, organizational and professional factors as influential.

Based on these opinions of physicians, telemedicine promotion is one intervention that, alongside others, could be promoted to assist in addressing the multiple factors that influence physicians' recruitment and retention in underserved areas. Assessment of water availability and demand in Lake Guiers , Senegal. Assessment of water availability and demand in Lake Guiers, Senegal Water resources are critical to economic growth and social development. In most African countries , supply of drinking water to satisfy population needs is a key issue because of population growth and climate and land use change.

During the last three decades, increasing population, changing patterns of water demand, and concentration of population and economic activities in urban areas has pressurize Senegal 's freshwater resources. To overcome this deficit, Senegal turned, to the exploitation of the Lake Guiers. It is the sole water reservoir which can be used extensively as a stable freshwater.

Its water is use for irrigating crops and sugar refinery and as a drinking water resource for urban centres, including Dakar, the capital city of Senegal , as well as for the local population and animal herds. To ensure sustainability, a greater understanding of Lake Guiers's water resources and effective management of its use will be required.

In this study we developed and quantified future water situation water availability and demand in Lake Guiers under scenarios of climate change and population growth until , using the water management model WEAP Water Evaluation And Planning system. The results show that the pressure on Lake Guiers's water resources will increase, leading to greater competition between agriculture and municipal demand site.

Decreasing inflows due to climate change will aggravate this situation. WEAP results offer basis to assister lake Guiers water resources manager for an efficient long-term planning and management. Prognosis of spontaneous hemorrhagic stroke in people under 55 in Senegal , a developing country in Africa: a series of 53 cases.

Strokes occur increasingly frequently in people aged 55 years or younger and present a problem of management and therefore of prognosis. The objective of this study was to determine the prognostic factors associated with hemorrhagic stroke in this population in Senegal. This retrospective study concerns 53 patients aged 16 to 55 years, hospitalized for hemorrhage stroke in the neurological department of Fann Teaching Hospital during The patients' mean age was During the acute phase of hemorrhage, glycemic levels were high among one third of the patients.

Hemorrhagic stroke in people aged 55 years or younger is a public health problem. In view of the high mortality rate, effective control requires prevention of its risk factors and increased awareness of the danger of these factors and of the warning signs of stroke. Situation analysis study establishes baseline for future assessment of progress in Senegal. Almost one-third of the SDPs had not received a supervisory visit in the seven months prior to the study , and an additional one-fifth had had no supervisory visits at all.

Six out of 87 SDPs in the urban sector had the minimum equipment needed. Information, education, and communication materials were unavailable at most SDPs. Inadequate management of contraceptive stock was partly responsible for method shortages.

Records were incomplete. Counseling regarding sexually transmitted. Impact of the Japanese 5S management method on patients' and caretakers' satisfaction: a quasi-experimental study in Senegal. The 5S method is a lean management tool for workplace organization, with 5S being an abbreviation for five Japanese words that translate to English as Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain.

In Senegal , the 5S intervention program was implemented in 10 health centers in two regions between and To identify the impact of the 5S intervention program on the satisfaction of clients patients and caretakers who visited the health centers.

A standardized 5S intervention protocol was implemented in the health centers using a quasi-experimental separate pre-post samples design four intervention and three control health facilities. A questionnaire with 10 five-point Likert items was used to measure client satisfaction. Additional regression analyses were conducted to identify the intervention's effect on the scores of each Likert item. Additional regression analyses showed significant score increases of 0.

The 5S has the potential to improve client satisfaction at resource-poor health facilities and could therefore be recommended as a strategic option for improving the quality of healthcare service in low- and middle-income countries. To explore more effective intervention modalities, further studies need to address the. Kanamori, Shogo; Castro, Marcia C.

Background The 5S method is a lean management tool for workplace organization, with 5S being an abbreviation for five Japanese words that translate to English as Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain. Objective To identify the impact of the 5S intervention program on the satisfaction of clients patients and caretakers who visited the health centers. Design A standardized 5S intervention protocol was implemented in the health centers using a quasi-experimental separate pre-post samples design four intervention and three control health facilities.

Conclusions The 5S has the potential to improve client satisfaction at resource-poor health facilities and could therefore be recommended as a strategic option for improving the quality of healthcare service in low- and middle-income countries. To explore more effective intervention modalities.

Estimates of adult mortality in countries with limited vital registration e. We evaluated the completeness and accuracy of such data through a record linkage study conducted in Bandafassi, located in southeastern Senegal. Respondents often reported inaccurate lists of siblings. Additions to these lists were uncommon, but omissions were frequent: respondents omitted 3.

Restricting SSH data to person-years and events having occurred during a recent reference period reduced list errors but not age and date errors. Reporting errors in siblings' survival histories and their impact on adult mortality estimates: results from a record linkage study in Senegal. Our study suggests new quality improvement strategies for SSH data and demonstrates the potential use of HDSS data for the validation of "unconventional" demographic techniques.

Classifying zones of suitability for manual drilling using textural and hydraulic parameters of shallow aquifers: a case study in northwestern Senegal. Fussi, F. A method is proposed that uses analysis of borehole stratigraphic logs for the characterization of shallow aquifers and for the assessment of areas suitable for manual drilling. The model is based on available borehole-log parameters: depth to hard rock, depth to water, thickness of laterite and hydraulic transmissivity of the shallow aquifer.

The model is applied to a study area in northwestern Senegal. After a manual procedure to assign a standard category describing the lithological characteristics, the next step is the automated extraction of different textural parameters and the estimation of hydraulic conductivity using reference values available in the literature. The hydraulic conductivity values estimated from stratigraphic data have been partially validated, by comparing them with measured values from a series of pumping tests carried out in large-diameter wells.

The results show that this method is able to produce a reliable interpretation of the shallow hydrogeological context using information generally available in the region. The research contributes to improving the identification of areas where conditions are suitable for manual drilling. This is achieved by applying the described method, based on a structured and semi-quantitative approach, to classify the zones of suitability for given manual drilling techniques using data available in most African countries.

Ultimately, this work will support proposed international programs aimed at promoting low-cost water supply in Africa and enhancing access to safe drinking water for the population. The persistance of such migration trends from the country to cities deepens regional disparities, compounds the difficulties and cost of city management and development, specially in the case of Dakar, and runs counter to the goals of social and economic development plans The growing importance of such phenomena calls for the designing of corrective measures in favour of rural areas and small towns in order to settle rural populations and halt the inordinate and chaotic geographical growth of large cities.

Failing this, development efforts may well be compromised. Venezuela, A Country Study. The pressures are the 2 greatest in the This group was spreading through the country. They became a significant ethnic culture in Venezuela. Somalia: A Country Study. Few girls were sent to school and even fewer continued beyond the elementary level Property land, equipment, and livestock remained in This concept.

Hungary: A Country Study. Con- servatives in the leadership used these problems to win support for the reversal of economic reforms that had The effects of midwives' job satisfaction on burnout, intention to quit and turnover: a longitudinal study in Senegal. Despite working in a challenging environment plagued by persistent personnel shortages, public sector midwives in Senegal play a key role in tackling maternal mortality.

A better understanding of how they are experiencing their work and how it is affecting them is needed in order to better address their needs and incite them to remain in their posts. This study aims to explore their job satisfaction and its effects on their burnout, intention to quit and professional mobility.

A cohort of midwives from 22 hospitals across Senegal participated in this longitudinal study. Their job satisfaction was measured from December to February using a multifaceted instrument developed in West Africa. Three expected effects were measured two years later: burnout, intention to quit and turnover. Descriptive statistics were reported for the midwives who stayed and left their posts during the study period. A series of multiple regressions investigated the correlations between the nine facets of job satisfaction and each effect variable, while controlling for individual and institutional characteristics.

Despite nearly two thirds Overall the midwives reported themselves moderately satisfied; least contented with their "remuneration" and "work environment" and most satisfied with the "morale" and "job security" facets of their work. On the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, very high levels of emotional exhaustion Experiencing emotional exhaustion was inversely associated with "remuneration" and "task" satisfaction, actively job.

Background Despite working in a challenging environment plagued by persistent personnel shortages, public sector midwives in Senegal play a key role in tackling maternal mortality. Methods A cohort of midwives from 22 hospitals across Senegal participated in this longitudinal study. Results Despite nearly two thirds Guinea and Senegal are multilingual countries that use French as a language of instruction in the formal educational sector with some significant exceptions.

As in many other African countries , such exceptions in Guinea and Senegal , use local African languages primarily in the non-formal sector for a variety of purposes, such as adult literacy and…. Improving the quality of adult mortality data collected in demographic surveys: validation study of a new siblings' survival questionnaire in Niakhar, Senegal.

In countries with limited vital registration, adult mortality is frequently estimated using siblings' survival histories SSHs collected during Demographic and Health Surveys DHS. These data are affected by reporting errors. It incorporates supplementary interviewing techniques to limit omissions of siblings and uses an event history calendar to improve reports of dates and ages.

We hypothesized that the SSC would improve the quality of adult mortality data. We conducted a retrospective validation study among the population of the Niakhar Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Senegal. We compared SSHs collected in each group to prospective data on adult mortality collected in Niakhar. The SSC reduced respondents' tendency to round reports of dates and ages to the nearest multiple of five or ten "heaping".

The SSC also had higher sensitivity in recording adult female deaths: among respondents whose sister s had died at an adult age in the past 15 y, However, the SSC did not improve the reporting of adult deaths among the brothers of respondents. Study limitations include sample selectivity, limited external validity, and multiple testing. Further research is needed to assess the effects of the SSC on estimates of adult mortality rates. Additional validation studies should be conducted in different social and epidemiological settings.

Background In countries with limited vital registration, adult mortality is frequently estimated using siblings' survival histories SSHs collected during Demographic and Health Surveys DHS. Methods and Findings We conducted a retrospective validation study among the population of the Niakhar Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Senegal. Trial Registration Controlled-Trials. The use of Jatropha curcas to achieve a self sufficient water distribution system: A case study in rural Senegal.

The use of Jatropha curcas as a source of oil for fueling water pumps holds promise for rural communities struggling to achieve water security in arid climates. The potential for use in developing communities as an affordable, sustainable fuel source has been highly recommended for many reasons: it is easily propagated, drought resistant, grows rapidly, and has high-oil-content seeds, as well as medicinal and economic potential. This study uses a rural community in Senegal , West Africa, and calculates at what level of Jatropha curcas production the village is able to be self-sufficient in fueling their water system to meet drinking, sanitation and irrigation requirements.

The current water distribution system was modelled to represent irrigation requirements for nine different Jatropha curcas cultivation and processing schemes. It was found that a combination of using recycled greywater for irrigation and a mechanical press to maximize oil recovered from the seeds of mature Jatropha curcas trees, would be able to operate the water system with no diesel required. Communities needs, values, and representations of the world: lessons learned from Greenland's and Senegal 's ARTisticc's study sites.

Baztan, J. The cultural dimensions of climate change impacts and adaptation have been increasingly examined in recent years through various disciplinary lenses, exposing a clear need for mainstream natural sciences to address the question of how to incorporate the values of communities facing global changes into their work. With this in mind, the work presented here addresses three main questions: i Do community members consider available scientific data and findings credible? Answering this question provides insight into whether available scientific knowledge expresses causal links that are mobilized by affected communities.

Answering this question provides insight into whether available scientific knowledge focuses on phenomena that those in affected communities think should receive attention. These questions also shed light on the links between mainstream sciences and studied affected communities. This communication shares the results from field work experiences from ARTiticc's interdisciplinary approach to identifying the needs, values, and representations of the world of the communities, and how to fit these elements into mainstream sciences in order to bridge gaps between.

The project of an interdisciplinary research institute in Senegal was initiated in in Senegal West Africa and became a template for a similar project in the US in Since then, numerous meetings and presentations have been held at various national and international institutions, workshops and conferences. The current development of this partnership includes drafts for a full design of all systems at each facility, as well as the physics, applied health and educational programs to be implemented.

The Senegal facility was conceived for scientific capacity building and equally to act as a focal point aimed at using the local scientific expertise. An anticipated outcome would be a contribution to the reduction of an ever-growing brain drain process suffered by the country , and the African continent in general. The development of the project led also to a strong African orientation of the facility: built for international collaboration, it is to be a pan-African endeavor and to serve primarily African countries.

The facility received a presidential approval in a meeting and will develop an interdisciplinary program centered on a strong materials science research which will also allow for the establishment of an advanced analytical physical chemistry laboratory. A central part of the facility will be linked to state-of-the art accelerator mass spectrometry, cyclotron and low energy electromagnetic accelerator systems.

Genetic structure and invasion history of the house mouse Mus musculus domesticus in Senegal , West Africa: a legacy of colonial and contemporary times. Knowledge of the genetic make-up and demographic history of invasive populations is critical to understand invasion mechanisms. Commensal rodents are ideal models to study whether complex invasion histories are typical of introductions involving human activities.

The house mouse Mus musculus domesticus is a major invasive synanthropic rodent originating from South-West Asia. It has been largely studied in Europe and on several remote islands, but the genetic structure and invasion history of this taxon have been little investigated in several continental areas, including West Africa. In this study , we focussed on invasive populations of M.

In this focal area for European settlers, the distribution area and invasion spread of the house mouse is documented by decades of data on commensal rodent communities. Genetic variation at one mitochondrial locus and 16 nuclear microsatellite markers was analysed from individuals sampled in 36 sites distributed across the country.

A combination of phylogeographic and population genetics methods showed that there was a single introduction event on the northern coast of Senegal , from an exogenous probably West European source, followed by a secondary introduction from northern Senegal into a coastal site further south. The geographic locations of these introduction sites were consistent with the colonial history of Senegal. Overall, the marked microsatellite genetic structure observed in Senegal , even between sites located close together, revealed a complex interplay of different demographic processes occurring during house mouse spatial expansion, including sequential founder effects and stratified dispersal due to human transport along major roads.

Leprosy is an infectious and transmissible disease. According to the WHO, the number of new cases of leprosy in children in Senegal has risen moderately since We conducted a retrospective study over a period of 3 years All new cases of Hansen's disease aged 0 years were included.

Among these children, 27 One family member was affected by leprosy in 27 cases More than half of the children 23 cases, All children underwent a month treatment, at the end of which thirty-six Leprosy is still present in Senegal despite the efforts made by the national programme to combat leprosy.

In the light of these results, it is important to emphasize the role of active screening strategy targeted to children, which seems to have shown its effectiveness in the region. Early detection, contact tracing and early treatment are important factors in the reduction of the contagiousity of leprosy. Between and , the laboratory of Paludologie of IRD at Dakar collected over 5, snakes from all over Senegal. By studying this collection, an entirely new species was discovered for science and eight new species for Senegal.

The presence of many specimens of rare species and the great number of localities from which snakes were collected also allowed us to solve several delicate taxonomic problems and better to specify the biogeography of Senegalese snakes. Currently, the presence in Senegal of at least 55 different species has been established with certainty. The data collected simultaneously on the burden of snakebites for public health shows considerable differences according to geographic area, with populations from south-eastern Senegal being more exposed to the risk of death by snakebite.

Training of the midwife in Senegal. The profession of midwifery continues to hold a prominent place in the health manpower structure of many developing countries. The training program at the School of Midwifery in Senegal lasts for 3 years and is based on the teaching in French midwifery schools. Because of the special conditions in Senegal , the objective of the teaching is to train midwives to be multiskilled workers who can deliver health care services in preventive as well as in curative medicine, in both rural and urban settings, and in the maternity clinic as well as in the community.

The following proposals for revising the training were developed: 1 the level of admission will become the baccalaureate; 2 the nursing training will be strengthened and the length of rural field practice will be extended to at least 3 months, including provisions for practical application of primary health care; 3 in pediatrics, more stress will be placed on diet counseling, home visits, and the treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases; 4 training will cover administration, supervision, evaluation, and maintenance of materials and facilities.

The midwife in Senegal also plays a primary role in family planning, and in family planning centers should be reponsible for gynecological examinations; giving assistance in the choice of contraceptive methods; placement, follow-up, and removal of IUDs; and detection of sterility, genital and mammary cancers, and sexually transmissible diseases.

Implementing haemophilia care in Senegal , West Africa. Despite significant progres on haemophilia care in developed world, this disease remains unknown in many sub-Saharan African countries. The objectives of this article were to report Senegalese experience on the management of haemophilia care through 18 years of follow-up.

This cohort study included patients haemophilia A, 13 haemophilia B , followed in Dakar's haemophilia treatment centre from to Our study reported a prevalence of 2. From the period to , significant progress was seen including All patients were low responders since inhibitor titre was between 1.

Disabilities were seen in Implementing haemophilia care in sub-Saharan Africa is a great challenge as this disease is not yet counted in national health problems in many countries. Lessons learned from this study show a significant improvement in diagnosis and prognosis parameters. This emphasizes the needs to set up such follow-up initiatives and to enhance medical and lay cooperation for better results. Schistosomiasis is the second most significant parasitic disease in children in several African countries.

However, geographic isolation of Bedik ethnic groups challenged implementation of the key elements of the schistosomiasis program in eastern Senegal , and therefore, a hospital was established in Ninefescha to improve access to health care as well as laboratory support for this population.

This campaign led to a drop in schistosomiasis prevalence but highlighted that sustainable schistosomiasis control by praziquantel treatment, awareness of the use of latrines, and inhabitants' voluntary commitment to the program are crucial to improve Schistosoma elimination. Moreover, this study revealed that preschool-aged children, for whom praziquantel was not recommended until in Senegal , constituted a significant reservoir for the parasite.

Quali-quantitative analysis of best selling drugs from pharmacy, street market and traditional herbal medicine: a pilot study of market surveillance in Senegal. A pilot study of market surveillance in Senegal has been performed analyzing best selling drugs from an official pharmacy and a street market in two principal cities of Senegal and some traditional preparations from herbal medicine from the same market.

The four best selling drugs purchased from a Dakar local pharmacy exactly contained the amount of active principles reported in the respective labels while the best selling drugs freely purchased from Kaolack market contained an amount of active ingredients lower than that declared on the label. No pharmacological active compound, but salicylic acid was found in one of the traditional herbal preparations.

This pilot study showed that whereas official drugs sold in pharmacies at prices accessible for a very few portion of the population contained the amount of active principles as reported in the labels, those from street market bought by the majority of population contained an amount of active ingredients lower than that declared on the label and finally traditional herbal preparations seldom contain pharmacological active principles. That is why, for the implementation of development strategy of the universal health coverage UHC through mutual health insurance providers, the Government of Senegal has focused on this sector.

The objective of this study was to assess the consumer's preference on the UHC development strategies through mutual health insurance providers. This was a qualitative and exploratory study based on a literature review, and indepth interview with the heads of households.

It was also based on focus groups of people with and without health mutual membership, and the Expert Committee meetings. The results showed that the most critical attributes in the decision-making of consumers to join the health mutual in Ziguinchor were the membership units; the content of the benefit package, the payment modalities of the premium, the premium amount, the availability of transportation, the co-payment level, convention arrangement with health facilities, and health mutual governance.

For a successful implementation of the UHC development strategy through health mutual organizations, policymakers should explore the possibility of introducing the modality of payment in kind, the revision of the co-payment amount, and the promotion of equity through the introduction of a differentiated premium contribution by income. They should also establish a crossborder strategy with The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau to improve health care access to people living in the borders.

The promotion of innovative funding and risk equalization between health insurance schemes is also recommended. In areas where the microfinance institutions are well organized and structured their substitution to health mutuals should be an option the decision-makers have to explore.

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate, intracellular, parasitic protozoan within the phylum Apicomplexa that causes toxoplasmosis in mammalian hosts including humans and birds. We used modified direct agglutination test for the screening of the animals' sera collected in Senegal. In total, animals' sera have been studied : bovines, 43 sheep, 52 goats, 63 horses, 13 donkeys and dogs. The collection of sera was performed in four different regions of Senegal : Dakar, Sine Saloum, Kedougou and Basse Casamance from to Private dogs from villages were more often to have the anti-Toxoplasma antibodies compared to security society-owned dogs from Dakar.

It may be explained by different meal consumed by dogs factory-produced meal for dogs from Dakar vs. Intense circulation of T. Tropical climate with high temperature and humidity is favorable for the conservation of oocysts of T. Results presented here may contribute to the evaluation of the risks of toxoplasmosis in humans in Senegal.

Professionalism in Broadcasting in Developing Countries. Examines the modes of professionalism and organizational structure in broadcasting and investigates how these modes transfer from industrialized nations to developing countries such as Algeria and Senegal. Research of cardiac involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis can prevent complications and place in a logical secondary prevention.

The objective of this study was to investigate the echocardiographic parameters in a population of Senegalese patients with rheumatoid arthritis without clinically evident cardiovascular manifestations. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study , which included prospectively from outpatients in the internal medicine department of university hospital center Aristide Le Dantec in Dakar, Senegal , with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis without clinically evident cardiovascular disease.

It focused on a sample of 73 patients of both sexes aged at least 18 years. Data were analyzed using a descriptive study of the different variables with the calculation of proportions for categorical variables, and the positional parameters and dispersion for quantitative variables. A total of 73 patients with rheumatoid arthritis without obvious cardiac events and meeting the criteria of definition of the ACR were included in the study. The mean age was The mean duration of RA was 5.

The concept of family inflammatory arthritis was reported in The abnormalities found in Doppler echocardiography were dominated by diastolic LV dysfunction Valvular leaks of variable grades were highlighted regarding all orifices but were rarely significant. The realization of echocardiography in patients with rheumatoid arthritis without clinically evident cardiovascular manifestations helps to highlight cardiovascular.

As effective onchocerciasis control efforts in Africa transition to elimination efforts, different diagnostic tools are required to support country programs. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating the Ov16 rapid test into onchocerciasis surveillance activities in Senegal , based on the following attributes of acceptability, usability, and cost. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 villages in southeastern Senegal in May Individuals 5 years and older were invited to participate in a demographic questionnaire, an Ov16 rapid test, a skin snip biopsy, and an acceptability interview.

Rapid test technicians were interviewed and a costing analysis was conducted. Of 1, participants, 1, The sero-positivity rate of the rapid test among those tested was 2. None of the skin snips were positive for Ov microfilaria.

Community members appreciated that the rapid test was performed quickly, was not painful, and provided reliable results. In this area with low onchocerciasis sero-positivity, there was high acceptability and perceived value of the rapid test by community members and technicians. This study provides evidence of the feasibility of implementing the Ov16 rapid test in Senegal and may be informative to other country programs transitioning to Ov16 serologic tools. Dieye, Yakou; Barrett, Kelsey L. Agricultural activity shapes the communication and migration patterns in Senegal.

The communication and migration patterns of a country are shaped by its socioeconomic processes. In this paper, we use mobile phone records to explore the impact of agricultural activity on the communication and mobility patterns of the inhabitants of Senegal.

We find two peaks of phone calls activity emerging during the growing season. Moreover, during the harvest period, we detect an increase in the migration flows throughout the country. However, religious holidays also shape the mobility patterns of the Senegalese people. Hence, in the light of our results, agricultural activity and religious holidays are the primary drivers of mobility inside the country.

Proof-of-principle of onchocerciasis elimination with ivermectin treatment in endemic foci in Africa: final results of a study in Mali and Senegal. Mass treatment with ivermectin controls onchocerciasis as a public health problem, but it was not known if it could also interrupt transmission and eliminate the parasite in endemic foci in Africa where vectors are highly efficient.

A longitudinal study was undertaken in three hyperendemic foci in Mali and Senegal with 15 to 17 years of annual or six-monthly ivermectin treatment in order to assess residual levels of infection and transmission, and test whether treatment could be safely stopped. This article reports the results of the final evaluations up to 5 years after the last treatment.

Skin snip surveys were undertaken in villages where 29, people were examined and , blackflies were analyzed for the presence of Onchocerca volvulus larva using a specific DNA probe. There was a declining trend in infection and transmission levels after the last treatment. In two sites the prevalence of microfilaria and vector infectivity rate were zero 3 to 4 years after the last treatment.

In the third site, where infection levels were comparatively high before stopping treatment, there was also a consistent decline in infection and transmission to very low levels 3 to 5 years after stopping treatment. All infection and transmission indicators were below postulated thresholds for elimination.

The study has established the proof of principle that onchocerciasis elimination with ivermectin treatment is feasible in at least some endemic foci in Africa. The study results have been instrumental for the current evolution from onchocerciasis control to elimination in Africa.

How to reach clients of female sex workers: a survey by surprise in brothels in Dakar, Senegal. OBJECTIVE: To describe the sampling techniques and survey procedures used in identifying male clients who frequent brothels to buy sexual services from female sex workers in Dakar, Senegal , with the aim of measuring the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection and investigating related risk behaviours.

Clients were identified "by surprise" and interviewed and requested to donate saliva for HIV testing. Men present in the brothels could not deny being there, and it proved possible to explain the purpose of the study and to gain their confidence.

Collection of saliva samples was shown to be an excellent method for performing HIV testing in difficult field conditions where it is hard to gain access to the population under study. The surveying of prostitution sites is recommended as a means of identifying core groups for HIV infection with a view to targeting education programmes more effectively. In countries such as Senegal , where the prevalence of HIV infection is still low, interventions among commercial sex workers and their clients may substantially delay the onset of a larger epidemic in the general population.

The individual and contextual determinants of the use of telemedicine: A descriptive study of the perceptions of Senegal 's physicians and telemedicine projects managers. Telemedicine is considered to be an effective strategy to aid in the recruitment and retention of physicians in underserved areas and, in doing so, improve access to healthcare. Telemedicine's use, however, depends on individual and contextual factors.

Using a mixed methods design, we studied these factors in Senegal based on a micro, meso and macro framework. A quantitative questionnaire administered to physicians working in public hospitals and physicians working in district health centres was used to identify individual micro factors. This was augmented with qualitative descriptive data involving individual interviews with 30 physicians working in public hospitals, 36 physicians working in district health centres and 10 telemedicine project managers to identify contextual meso and macro factors.

Physicians were selected using purposeful random sampling; managers through snowball sampling. At the micro level, we found that At the meso level, we identified several technical, organizational and ethical factors, while at the macro level the study revealed a number of financial, political, legal, socioeconomic and cultural factors.

We conclude that better awareness of the interplay between factors can assist health authorities to develop telemedicine in ways that will attract use by physicians, thus improving physicians' recruitment and retention in underserved areas. Female employment reduces fertility in rural Senegal. Economic growth and modernization of society are generally associated with fertility rate decreases but which forces trigger this is unclear.

In this paper we assess how fertility changes with increased labor market participation of women in rural Senegal. Evidence from high-income countries suggests that higher female employment rates lead to reduced fertility rates but evidence from developing countries at an early stage of demographic transition is largely absent. We concentrate on a rural area in northern Senegal where a recent boom in horticultural exports has been associated with a sudden increase in female off-farm employment.

Using survey data we show that employed women have a significantly higher age at marriage and at first childbirth, and significantly fewer children. As causal identification strategy we use instrumental variable and difference-in-differences estimations, combined with propensity score matching. Results imply that female employment is a strong instrument for empowering rural women, reducing fertility rates and accelerating the demographic transition in poor countries. The effectiveness of family planning programs can increase if targeted to areas where female employment is increasing or to female employees directly because of a higher likelihood to reach women with low-fertility preferences.

Our results show that changes in fertility preferences not necessarily result from a cultural evolution but can also be driven by sudden and individual changes in economic opportunities. Describes a study which attempts to link micro and macro approaches in the study of societal multilingualism while introducing a diachronic perspective. The sociolinguistic profile of Senegal is used as a point of departure followed by an outline of sociohistorical factors which contributed to language use.

Discusses the social implications of…. Iran-Regional Country Study. Health providers' opinions on provider-client relations: results of a multi- country study to test Health Workers for Change. A multi-centre study in four African countries was undertaken to test the acceptability and effectiveness of Health Workers for Change, a methodology to explore provider-client relations within a gender-sensitive context.

This intervention addresses the interpersonal component of quality of care. The methodology, consisting of six workshops, was implemented by research teams in Zambia, Senegal , Mozambique and Uganda. It was found to be acceptable within in a range of cultural and primary health care settings. The workshops allowed difficult issues such as prejudice and bribery to be discussed openly, fostered problem solving and the development of practical plans to address problems that could strengthen district health systems.

The London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by URHI implemented a range of country -specific demand and supply side interventions, with supply interventions generally focused on improved service quality, provider training, outreach to patients, and commodity stock management. The analysis used facility audits and provider surveys.

Principal-components analysis was used to create country -specific program exposure variables for health facilities. Fixed-effects regression was used to determine whether family planning uptake increased at facilities with higher exposure. Outcomes of interest were the number of new family planning acceptors and the total number of family planning clients per reproductive health care provider in the last year.

Supply-side interventions have increased the number of new family planning acceptors at facilities in urban Nigeria, Kenya, and Senegal and the overall number of clients in urban Nigeria and Kenya. While tailoring. Can social capital help explain enrolment or lack thereof in community-based health insurance? Results of an exploratory mixed methods study from Senegal. Interventions to address these problems have been proposed yet enrolment rates remain low.

This exploratory study proposes that an under-researched determinant of CBHI enrolment is social capital. Fieldwork comprising a household survey and qualitative interviews was conducted in Senegal in Levels of bonding and bridging social capital among members and non-members of CBHI across three case study schemes are compared.

The results of the logistic regression suggest that, controlling for age and gender, in all three case studies members were significantly more likely than non-members to be enrolled in another community association, to have borrowed money from sources other than friends and relatives and to report having control over all community decisions affecting daily life. In two case studies , having privileged social relationships was also positively correlated with enrolment.

After controlling for additional socioeconomic and health variables, the results for borrowing money remained significant. Additionally, in two case studies , reporting having control over community decisions and believing that the community would cooperate in an emergency were significantly positively correlated with enrolment.

The results suggest that CBHI members had greater bridging social capital which provided them with solidarity, risk pooling, financial protection and financial credit. Qualitative interviews with individuals selected from the household survey confirm this interpretation. The results ostensibly suggest that CBHI schemes should build on bridging social capital to increase coverage, for example by enrolling households through community associations.

However, this may be unadvisable from an equity perspective. It is. The association between malaria parasitaemia, erythrocyte polymorphisms, malnutrition and anaemia in children less than 10 years in Senegal : a case control study. Malaria and anaemia Haemoglobin studies in malaria endemic areas have been confined to analysis of possible associations between anaemia and individual factors such as malaria.

A case control study involving children aged from 1 to 10 years was conducted to assess some assumed contributors to anaemia in the area of Bonconto Health post in Senegal. Study participants were randomly selected from a list of children who participated in a survey in December For each participant, a physical examination was done and anthropometric data collected prior to a biological assessment which included: malaria parasitaemia infection, intestinal worm carriage, G6PD deficiency, sickle cell disorders, and alpha-talassaemia.

No association was found between G6PD deficiency, intestinal worm carriage and children's gender. Malaria parasitaemia, stunting and haemoglobin genetic. Background Malaria and anaemia Haemoglobin studies in malaria endemic areas have been confined to analysis of possible associations between anaemia and individual factors such as malaria. Methods Study participants were randomly selected from a list of children who participated in a survey in December Conclusion Malaria.

Health-related media use among youth audiences in Senegal. Lower- and middle-income countries LMICs are experiencing rapid changes in access to and use of new internet and digital media technologies. The purpose of this study was to better understand how younger audiences are navigating traditional and newer forms of media technologies, with particular emphasis on the skills and competencies needed to obtain, evaluate and apply health-related information, also defined as health and media literacy.

Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted throughout Senegal in September with youth aged 15— Using an iterative coding process based on grounded theory, four themes emerged related to media use for health information among Senegalese youth. They include the following: i media utilization; ii barriers and conflicts regarding media utilization; iii uses and gratifications and iv health and media literacy.

Findings suggest that Senegalese youth use a heterogeneous mix of media platforms i. Additionally, the need for entertainment, information and connectedness inform media use, mostly concerning sexual and reproductive health information. Importantly, tensions arise as youth balance innovative and interactive technologies with traditional and conservative values, particularly concerning ethical and privacy concerns. Findings support the use of multipronged intervention approaches that leverage both new media, as well as traditional media strategies, and that also address lack of health and media literacy in this population.

Implementing health-related interventions across multiple media platforms provides an opportunity to create an integrated, as opposed to a disparate, user experience. Political Economy, and Human Welfare. Boston: Martinus Nij- hoff Publishing, Vanguard family planning acceptors in Senegal.

This study examines contraceptive use among clients at the three clinics providing family planning services in Dakar, Senegal in early Most clients first became interested in family planning following the birth of a child, and most are interested in spacing future pregnancies, although one-third state that they want no more children.

The clinic itself was found to be an important determinant of the type of contraceptive used, with only the government-operated clinic providing a balance between IUDs, oral contraceptives, and barrier methods. Nearly half of the clients interviewed said that a lack of knowledge about contraception is the reason for the low contraceptive prevalence rates among Senegalese women; another frequently cited reason was the opposition of the husband.

Most clients reported the broadcast media to be the best means of providing family planning information to potential acceptors. Senegal adopted French as the country 's sole official language at the time of independence in , since when the language has been used in administration and other formal domains. Similarly, French is employed throughout the formal education system as the language of instruction.

Since the s, however, government has mounted an ambitious…. Van ed. Essays on the Cyprus Conflict. New York: Pella, Crawshaw , Nancy. The Cyprus Revolt. London: George Allen and Unwin, I examine Senegalese conversion narratives and the central role played by the Iranian Revolution, contextualizing life stories trans nationally in Senegal 's political economy and global networks with Iran and Lebanon.

This action. The relationship of women's status and empowerment with skilled birth attendant use in Senegal and Tanzania. Maternal mortality remains unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa with , deaths occurring each year, accounting for 2-thirds of maternal deaths worldwide. Although several studies demonstrate the important influences of women's status and empowerment on SBA use, this evidence is limited, particularly in Africa.

Furthermore, few studies empirically test the operationalization of women's empowerment and incorporate multidimensional measures to represent the potentially disparate influence of women's status and empowerment on SBA use across settings.

Factor analysis was first conducted to identify the structure and multiple dimensions of empowerment. Then, a multivariate regression analysis was conducted to examine associations between these empowerment dimensions and SBA use. Full Text Available This paper is an exposition of the main concepts of Mircea Eliade and how they articulate between them.

Firstly, we will talk about his most important concept: the sacred. Secondly, we will talk about the foundation of the world that allow the foundation of the sacred by the primitive man. Thirdly, we will deal with the concept of repetition defined as the sacred in time. Then, we will have to speak about the two big conceptions of time: the cyclical conception and the linear conception.

Last, we will speak about the forgetfulness of the sacred in modern society. Distribution and abundance of sacred monkeys in Igboland, southern Nigeria. Although primates are hunted on a global scale, some species are protected against harassment and killing by taboos or religious doctrines. Sites where the killing of sacred monkeys or the destruction of sacred groves is forbidden may be integral to the conservation of certain species.

In , as part of a distribution survey of Sclater's guenon Cercopithecus sclateri in southern Nigeria, we investigated reports of sacred monkeys in the Igbo-speaking region of Nigeria. We confirmed nine new sites where primates are protected as sacred : four with tantalus monkeys Chlorocebus tantalus and five with mona monkeys Cercopithecus mona. During , we visited two communities Akpugoeze and Lagwa previously known to harbor sacred populations of Ce. We directly counted all groups and compared our estimates with previous counts when available.

We also estimated the size of sacred groves and compared these with grove sizes reported in the literature. The mean size of the sacred groves in Akpugoeze 2. We estimated a total population of Sclater's monkeys in 15 groups in Lagwa and monkeys in 20 groups in Akpugoeze. The Akpugoeze population was relatively stable over two decades, although the proportion of infants declined, and the number of groups increased.

As Sclater's monkey does not occur in any official protected areas, sacred populations are important to the species' long-term conservation. Despite the monkeys' destruction of human crops, most local people still adhere to the custom of not killing monkeys.

These sites represent ideal locations in which to study the ecology of Sclater's monkey and human-wildlife interactions. Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site , Washington. This document presents the natural phenomena hazard loads for use in implementing DOE Order The natural phenomena covered are seismic, flood, wind, volcanic ash, lightning, snow, temperature, solar radiation, suspended sediment, and relative humidity.

Darwin's Sacred Cause. As we are being flooded by Darwin lollipops, t-shirts, quills and stamps it is becoming increasingly difficult to be heard or seen in the commercialised celebration in Some are in the business for the science, but a lot are in it for profit. Accordingly, the Darwin industry has left the hands The influence of sacred beliefs in environmental risk perception and attitudes.

Elements of the natural world, such as mountains, rivers, and forests, are often seen as sacred in many cultural traditions. Recent conservation movements have even begun to draw on spiritual and religious beliefs to promote issues of environmental sustainability. The straightforward assumption in these cases is that sacred beliefs compared with secular ones will The sacred , the secular, and the profane. Due to neoliberal reforms Fannish tattooing and sacred identity.

Full Text Available Pleasure is an important motivation for fans to adopt texts. Fannish tattoos function to demonstrate affective investments in a text; they are also a performance of fandom and an example of sacred fan identity. Like engaging in cosplay or wearing clothing that features logos, fannish tattoos mark people as fans of a text. Furthermore, the more obscure the logo or fannish reference, the more performative the tattoo.

Fannish tattoos help to construct a sacred fan identity. Within the context of fannish tattoos, fan affect gains similar significance. Natural Remediation at Savannah River Site. Natural remediation is a general term that includes any technology or strategy that takes advantage of natural processes to remediate a contaminated media to a condition that is protective of human health and the environment.

Natural remediation techniques are often passive and minimally disruptive to the environment. They are generally implemented in conjunction with traditional remedial solutions for source control i. Natural remediation techniques being employed at Savannah River Site SRS include enhanced bio-remediation, monitored natural attenuation, and phytoremediation.

Enhanced bio-remediation involves making nutrients available and conditions favorable for microbial growth. With proper precautions and feeding, the naturally existing microbes flourish and consume the contaminants. Case studies of enhanced bio-remediation include surface soils contaminated with PCBs and pesticides, and Volatile Organic Compound VOC contamination in both the vadose zone and groundwater.

Monitored natural attenuation MNA has been selected as the preferred alternative for groundwater clean up at several SRS waste units. Successful implementation of MNA has been based on demonstration that sources have been controlled, groundwater modeling that indicates that plumes will not expand or reach surface water discharge points at levels that exceed regulatory limits, and continued monitoring.

Phytoremediation is being successfully utilized at several SRS waste units. Phytoremediation involves using plants and vegetation to uptake, break down, or manage contaminants in groundwater or soils. Case studies at SRS include managing groundwater plumes of tritium and VOCs with pine trees that are native to the area. Significant decreases in tritium discharge to a site stream have been realized in one phytoremediation project.

Studies of other vegetation types, methods of application, and other target contaminants are. On a global scale, the existing Sacred Groves SGs are based on ancestral worship and focus on the conservation of forest patches. Sacred groves are distributed over a wide ecosystem and help in the conservation of rare and endemic species. Well preserved sites are store houses of biological, ecological, medicinal, ethno-cultural and religious values.

For a detailed investigation, sample areas were set, for th These sacred sites are regarded as the temples of god by the local people due to their beliefs, but technically the forests are centres of biodiversity. In recent times, anthropogenic interference activities expose the forest to threat and challenges which make the development and adoption of conservation strategies inevitable.

In the United States, the academically approved way of dealing with these…. The price of your soul: neural evidence for the non-utilitarian representation of sacred values. Sacred values, such as those associated with religious or ethnic identity, underlie many important individual and group decisions in life, and individuals typically resist attempts to trade off their sacred values in exchange for material benefits.

Deontological theory suggests that sacred values are processed based on rights and wrongs irrespective of outcomes, while utilitarian theory suggests that they are processed based on costs and benefits of potential outcomes, but which mode of processing an individual naturally uses is unknown. The study of decisions over sacred values is difficult because outcomes cannot typically be realized in a laboratory, and hence little is known about the neural representation and processing of sacred values.

We used an experimental paradigm that used integrity as a proxy for sacredness and which paid real money to induce individuals to sell their personal values. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI , we found that values that people refused to sell sacred values were associated with increased activity in the left temporoparietal junction and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, regions previously associated with semantic rule retrieval.

This suggests that sacred values affect behaviour through the retrieval and processing of deontic rules and not through a utilitarian evaluation of costs and benefits. The sacred geography of Kapila: the Kapilasrama of Sidhpur. In India this Kapila belongs to a scholarly tradition preserved mainly by pandits with a knowledge of Sanskrit and, for the last hundred years, also by professors in the Indian university system. In this article, the symbolic significance of one of the most important pilgrimage centres connected with Kapila, Sidhpur in Gujarat, is explored.

The close connection between the sacred narratives and the rituals performed at the pilgrimage centre is a significant feature of the sacred places devoted to Kapila. At every place of pilgrimage to Kapila there are narratives about him which account for the sacredness of the place. These narratives belong to the geography of Hindu India as much as to the mythology of the Hindu tradition. The life history of Kapila is engraved in a sacred landscape.

The place where Kapila was born, the place where he gave the sacred knowledge of ultimate reality to his mother, the different places where he performed tapas, the place where he killed the sons of King Sagara are all part of India's imagined landscape. The promise of the Kapila pilgrimage sites is that these places have power in themselves to remove moral impurity and grant moksa to the pilgrims.

The sacred narratives of Kapila function to make this promise trustworthy. Religion, group threat and sacred values. Full Text Available Sacred or protected values have important influences on decision making, particularly in the context of intergroup disputes. Thus far, we know little about the process of a value becoming sacred or why one person may be more likely than another to hold a sacred value.

We present evidence that participation in religious ritual and perceived threat to the group lead people to be more likely to consider preferences as protected or sacred values. Specifically, three studies carried out with Americans and Palestinians show: a that the more people participate in religious ritual the more likely they are to report a preference to be a sacred value Studies ; b that people claim more sacred values when they are reminded of religious ritual Study 2; and c that the effect of religious ritual on the likelihood of holding a sacred value is amplified by the perception of high threat to the in-group Study 3.

We discuss implications of these findings for understanding intergroup conflicts, and suggest avenues for future research into the emergence and spread of sacred values. Sacred Space and Sublime Sacramental Piety. Black Studies and Critical Thinking. Volume Feminist research has both held and contested experience as a category of epistemological importance, often as a secular notion.

Natural phenomena analyses, Hanford Site , Washington. Probabilistic seismic hazard studies completed for the Washington Public Power Supply System's Nuclear Plant 2 and for the US Department of Energy's N Reactor sites , both on the Hanford Site , suggested that the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory seismic exposure estimates were lower than appropriate, especially for sites near potential seismic sources.

The recommended ground motion for high-hazard facilities is somewhat higher than the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory model and the ground motion from small-magnitude earthquakes is addressed separately from the moderate- to large-magnitude earthquake ground motion. The severe wind and tornado hazards determined for the Hanford Siste are in agreement with work completed independently using 43 years of site data.

The low-probability, high-hazard, design-basis flood at the Hanford Site is dominated by dam failure on the Columbia River. Further evaluation of the mechanisms and probabilities of such flooding is in progress. The Hanford Site is downwind from several active Cascade volcanoes.

Geologic and historical data are used to estimate the ashfall hazard. These sacred groves are what remain of the once vast tropical Afromontane dry forest. Herein we review the landscape pattern of sacred groves in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and their local scale nutrient status at two sites , Zahara and Debresena. A total of 1, sacred groves were inventoried within the study area, yielding an overall density of one sacred grove for every twenty square kilometers. Sacred groves averaged a little over five hectares and were separated from one another by more than two kilometers.

At the local scale we found that soil carbon and nitrogen stocks have decreased significantly between the forest interior and the clearing indicating decreased soil fertility. Together our data indicate that these sacred groves are vulnerable to loss because of their small average size, isolation from seed sources, and decreasing soil status.

Religious and sacred imperatives in human conflict. Religion, in promoting outlandish beliefs and costly rituals, increases ingroup trust but also may increase mistrust and conflict with outgroups. Moralizing gods emerged over the last few millennia, enabling large-scale cooperation, and sociopolitical conquest even without war.

Whether for cooperation or conflict, sacred values, like devotion to God or a collective cause, signal group identity and operate as moral imperatives that inspire nonrational exertions independent of likely outcomes. In conflict situations, otherwise mundane sociopolitical preferences may become sacred values, acquiring immunity to material incentives. Sacred values sustain intractable conflicts that defy "business-like" negotiation, but also provide surprising opportunities for resolution. Sacred space and the healing journey.

Sacred space and spirituality have long been used to heal the mind, body, and spirit. This article illuminates the origins of sacred space and its role as a healing environment from the first human construct, the burial mound, to the 5th Century BCE Greek healing city of Epidaurus.

It then examines the role of spirituality as one of the necessary human institutions for a healthy society, according to the Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico. Borns, David J. Screening of sites for the potential application and reliance upon monitored natural attenuation MNA can be done using MNAtoolbox, a web-based tool for estimating extent of biodegradation, chemical transformation, and dilution.

MNAtoolbox uses site -specific input data, where available default parameters are taken from the literature , to roughly quantify the nature and extent of attenuation at a particular site. Use of MNAtoolbox provides 3 important elements of site evaluation: 1 Identifies likely attenuation pathways, 2 Clearly identifies sites where MNA is inappropriate, and 3 Evaluates data requirements for subsequent reliance on MNA as a sole or partial corrective action.

Sacred places in global big cities. The question is if the development of modern societies has implied the gradual abolishment of religious beliefs, rituals and rites, or has it on the contrary implied the installment of new forms of religious Then it will turn The question of sacred places in modern societies involves an analytical perspective, which is not very prevalent in sociology, namely the anthropological or even better: the ethnological perspective.

With this theme we have entered a veritable dispute, or controversy, in sociology about Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program. Full Text Available Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national security and global peace. Yet, there is little scientific study or understanding of how material incentives and disincentives, such as economic sanctions, psychologically affect the targeted population and potentially influence behaviour.

Here we explore the Iranian nuclear program within a paradigm concerned with sacred values. We integrate experiments within a survey of Iranians. This pattern was specific to nuclear energy and did not hold for acquiring nuclear weapons.

The present study is the first demonstration of the backfire effect for material disincentives as well as incentives, and on an issue whose apparent sacred nature is recent rather than longstanding. In , the Australian government legislated to prohibit 'gay marriage'; the religious right had lobbied vigorously for passage of this legislation. Drawing on Durkheim's theory of sacred and profane, this paper examines the argument proffered by right-wing Christians that allowing legalised unions between lesbians and between gay men would seriously undermine the institution of marriage and the family.

Claims about the spectre of gays and lesbians marrying reveal a deeper unease about the status of heterosexual marriage and the nuclear family. These concerns, in turn, house a deeper unease about the nature and place of masculinity in contemporary Australian society. This disquiet about masculinity and masculine authority is isomorphic with concerns about challenges to the notion of an objective epistemological order. Marriage and nature are both sacred in Durkheimian terms because they must be radically separated from matters profane.

By locating heterosexual marriage within the domain of nature , it is protected from contact with things that threaten its sacred status. However, Durkheim's theory of the sacred is simultaneously an account of the exercise of ideological power. Attempts to cast heterosexual marriage as sacred and, therefore, as inviolate are inextricably linked with attempts to protect an epistemological order linked to masculine authority.

Remediation of Caldas Site by natural attenuation. Acid mine drainage AMD is one of the main environmental issue caused by chemical and bacterial oxidation of pyrite FeS 2 and other sulfite minerals when exposed to atmospheric conditions during mining. In Brazil, AMD occurs in a former uranium mine and contains radionuclides and other elements, which are precipitated from acidic water by liming. In this work the natural remediation approach is reviewed and an initial chemical and radiochemical characterization of the reservoir sediments is presented.

Twenty-six sediment samples were collected in the reservoir and a bathymetry survey by sonar was performed to determine the thickness of the sediment layer. All the data were processed using the ArcGIS program. To assess the potential mobility and bioavailability of contaminants and to study the role of bacterial sulfate reduction in the immobilization of these contaminants, Acid-volatile sulfide AVS analyzes will be performed as a further step.

Natural phenomena hazards, Hanford Site , south central Washington. The purpose of this document is twofold: 1 summarize the NPH that are important to the design and evaluation of structures, systems, and components at the Hanford Site ; 2 develop the appropriate natural phenomena loads for use in the implementation of DOE Order Natural Capital - putting a value on geological sites.

Natural Capital is a mechanism through which a value can be placed on nature allowing it to be considered alongside other assets. When the Government of the United Kingdom produced a Natural Environment White Paper The Natural Choice: securing the value of nature in there was no direct mention of geosites, geoheritage or geodiversity. One ambition of the Natural Environment White Paper was to stop environmental degradation and to rebuild natural capital and to value it.

Whilst landscapes are mentioned in the paper geodiversity is not directly and this has been problematic for funding and recognition within the UK. Natural Capital is being used as the basis for many of the environmental reviews therefore it is essential that geodiversity can be included within this. The Natural Capital Committee defines natural capital as 'those elements of the natural environment which provide valuable goods and services to people'.

Specifically, the values associated with abiotic nature geodiversity are frequently undervalued or ignored. The English Geodiversity Forum have been producing case studies as to how this might be done for different locations and this paper will present the work of this and how a value can be attributed to geodiversity.

For example links to tourism and recreation within areas such as the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site and the Black Country proposed Geopark are easy to place a value on but it is more difficult with educational, scientific sites. Using an ecosystems services and biodiversity analogies this paper presents a framework that can be adopted for evaluation of geological sites. Defra The state of natural capital: protecting and improving natural capital for prosperity and wellbeing.

Assessment of traditional ecological knowledge and beliefs in the utilisation of important plant species: The case of Buhanga sacred forest, Rwanda. Full Text Available Traditional ecological knowledge is an integrated part of the African people and indeed the Rwandese for cultural purpose. Buhanga sacred forest is a relict forest of tremendous ecological importance to Rwandan society located in Musanze District.

The aim of this study was to assess the traditional ecological knowledge and belief in the utilisation of some important plant species for the conservation of Buhanga sacred forest. Ecological information about ethnomedicinal and traditional practices were collected following structured questionnaire through interview involving eight traditional healers and three focus group discussions.

Data were collected from the natural habitats, home gardens, farmlands and roadsides of Buhanga sacred forest. A total of 45 botanical taxa belonging to 28 families were reported to be used by the local community. Species such as Brillantaisia cicatricosa and Senna septemtrionalis were the popular species cited by traditional healers to treat human and animal diseases and ailments, respectively.

The results of the study indicated that because of the cultural norms and values associated with the sacred forest, this has led to non-exploitation. The study presents key sites and plant species in which their use and belief can lead to their conservation. However, not only is it imperative to conserve traditional local knowledge for biocultural conservation motives but there is also need to train traditional healers on how to domesticate indigenous species as conservation measure because some species have become susceptible to extinction.

Conservation implications: Highlighting indigenous species investigated in this research will provide a powerful tool for ensuring biodiversity conservation through community participation in a country of high population density in Africa. Some plant species that provided satisfactory Local Health Traditions among communities surrounding Buhanga can contribute as good material for further.

In order to comply with DOE Order Appropriate approaches are outlined to ensure that the current state-of-the-art methodologies and procedures are used in the site characterization. General and detailed site characterization requirements are provided in the areas of meteorology, hydrology, geology, seismology and geotechnical studies.

Consideration of natural attenuation. In remedation contaminated sites. In the present position paper the way how to consider natural attenuation in practical remediation of contaminated sites is described. The systematic approach outlined allows an understandable decision-finding. It is, however, also explained that when carrying out MNA a decision always made in an individual case is concerned which should be made in a close agreement between the obligated party and the authority.

Selection of radioactive waste disposal site considering natural processes. To dispose the radioactive waste, it is necessary to consider the transfer of material in natural environment. The points of consideration are 1 Long residence time of water 2 Independence of biosphere from the compartment containing the disposal site in the natural hydrologic cycle 3 Dilution with the natural inactive isotope or the same group of elements.

Isotope dilution for I and 14 C can be expected by proper selection of the site. For Np and 99 Tc anionic condition is important for the selection. From the point of view of hydrologic cycle, anoxic dead water zone avoiding beneath mountain area is preferable for the disposal site. Estimating wind frequency limits for natural ventilation at remote sites.

Detailed wind data are collected at a limited number of sites , usually at airports. When a building is sited remote from the nearest wind data collection site , estimating wind frequency is more complex. The techniques involved come from the discipline of wind engineering. Where there is a relatively flat terrain between the wind data-recording site and the building site , simple computations can be made to account for the wind velocities over intervening terrain roughness.

Where significant topographic features such as hills or mountains are present between the wind data-recording site and the building site , then boundary layer wind tunnel studies will be necessary to determine the influence of such features on wind speed and direction. Rough estimates can be calculated using factors used in some wind loading codes. When buildings are to be designed to take advantage of the energy efficiency offered by natural ventilation, it is important to estimate the actual potential for such ventilation.

The natural ventilation potential can be estimated in terms of the percentage of time when wind exceeds some minimum value. For buildings near airports this is a relatively simple procedure. Such estimates are important as they also indicate the likely percentage of time when fans or other energy consuming devices will be needed to maintain indoor thermal comfort.

This paper identifies the wind engineering techniques that can be used for such estimates and gives examples of such calculations. The nature of the active site in heterogeneous metal catalysis. This tutorial review, of relevance for the surface science and heterogeneous catalysis communities, provides a molecular-level discussion of the nature of the active sites in metal catalysis. Fundamental concepts such as "Bronsted-Evans-Polanyi relations'' and "volcano curves'' are introduced Remedial technology for contaminated natural gas dehydrator sites.

Ground water and soil contamination at many of Michigan's oil and gas well sites has been attributed to natural gas dehydration processes. Since water was once thought to be the only by-product from the dehydration process, condensate from the process was discharged directly to the ground for several years.

This condensate was later found to contain benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, and xylenes BTEX , and the process of discharging condensate to the ground was stopped. Many oil and gas well sites had become impacted from the process during this time. Although condensate is no longer discharged to the ground, soil and water contamination still remains at many of these sites. In the last few years, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources has targeted over 90 well sites for assessment of contamination associated with gas dehydration.

The results of many of these assessments indicate that soil and ground water have been impacted, and the State of Michigan has mandated cleanup of these sites. This paper is a discussion of the technology, implementation, and results from each of these methods. This course focuses on a number of important religious sites in the ancient Mediterranean and in the modern world, including the Parthenon, Olympia, Delphi, Stonehenge, and Muir Woods.

These places are compared and contrasted in terms of what makes them sacred. Two pilgrimage experiences are part of this course: the hajj to Mecca and the Camino de Santiago de Compostela. Resting site use of giant pandas in Wanglang Nature Reserve. Little is known about the resting sites used by the giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca , which restricts our understanding of their resting habits and limits conservation efforts. To enhance our understanding of resting site requirements and factors affecting the resting time of giant pandas, we investigated the characteristics of resting sites in the Wanglang Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, China.

We found that the resting sites were closer to bamboo than to trees and shrubs, suggesting that the resting site use of giant pandas is closely related to the presence of bamboo. Considering that giant pandas typically rest near a large-sized tree, protection of large trees in the forests is of considerable importance for the conservation of this species.

Furthermore, slope was found to be an important factor affecting the resting time of giant pandas, as they tended to rest for a relatively longer time in sites with a smaller degree of slope. Violence and the Sacred in Georges Bataille's Philosophy. Full Text Available The article considers the concepts of violence and the sacred in the work of the French philosopher Georges Bataille.

The author also puts forward the hypothesis of the connection between the concept violence and the concept the sacred and demonstrates that it is most thoroughly represented in the last period of his work, although it may have been noted before. Rituals and Sacred Space of Pandharpur, India. Until comparatively recent the knowledge of the history and concept of Pandharpur as a sacred town has been The small town Pandharpur, situated about two hundred kilometres south east of Pune, is one of the most popular sacred places in the state of Maharashtra, India.

It is dedicated to the god Vithoba who is considered to be an incarnation of Vishnu in the form of Krishna. Pandharpur and Vithoba plays In fact the religious life of the town is to a great extent dominated by the presence of this Sampradaya, and the great Profaning the Sacred in Leadership Studies.

In the novel, self-sacrifice does not function as a way of establishing a leadership position, but as a way to avoid the dangers associated with leadership, and possibly redeem humans The leadership literature is full of stories of heroic self-sacrifice. Sacrificial leadership behaviour, some scholars conclude, is to be recommended. In this article we follow Keith Grint's conceptualization of leadership as necessarily pertaining to the sacred , but-drawing on Giorgio Agamben By means of a thematic reading HMIP has a research programme investigating some naturally radioactive sites as geochemical analogues of radionuclide migration.

The objective is to test thermodynamic databases and computer codes used for modelling radionuclide migration under environmental conditions. This report describes the study of transport and retardation processes affecting natural radionuclides, mainly uranium U , in the vicinity of pitchblende veins in the cliff at Needle's Eye on the Solway Coast, SW Scotland. The natural decay series results from this study have been used to develop a well constrained geochemical model within which the codes can be tested.

A conceptual geochemical model for the behaviour of U at the site was developed in stage I of the study; work in stage II is concerned with improving the information available on the U source term, groundwater chemistry, U aqueous phase specification, U retardation by fracture-lining minerals during fissure flow of groundwater, U-organic associations and loss of U from the site by stream drainage.

Psychoanalysis: the sacred and the profane. Colleagues from a variety of perspectives have written about the propensity to enshrine psychoanalytic theory. The meaning of the word "enshrine" is to cherish as sacred an idea or philosophy and protect it from change.

In other words, the way we view psychoanalysis, our theories of mind and technique, become holy writ and we have divided the world of theory into the sacred and the profane. This is the kiss of death for theory, which must constantly evolve and change, but comforting for the analyst who believes he is on the side of the right, the sacred.

In this paper I will discuss how our propensity to enshrine theory has had a debilitating effect on the development of psychoanalysis and, in particular, as a treatment for the most vulnerable people who seek our help. I also address the idea that movement away from enshrined positions allows us to construct different versions of reality. In this context, the notion of "action at a distance" is presented along with the attendant idea of psychoanalytic entanglement.

Full Text Available Consequently implementing a vision that was mostly phenomenological and hermeneutical on the object and of the religious doctrine and content, Mircea Eliade had a remarkable contribution of originality and profoundness to the study of the problems related to sacred and profane and symbol and ritual. Due to the more than obvious contemporaneity importance of the preoccupations and behaviour of homo religious, in post-modernity, starting from the dialogue between science and religion, we consider that there is the necessity and opportuness in a secularised and desacralized world to dedicate a study, years later from the birth of the eminent professor, to the manner the Romanian eminent researcher Mircea Eliade saw and explained the sacred , the symbol and the ritual.

This study is questing the concepts of sacred and profane through Islamic prospective of ontology, in which it confirms that the dualism of sacred and profane is involved in the spirit existence, not in the natural or material as the Western thought alleges. Much is also the achievement of perfect existence, or retrieval of pure spirit and not retrieval of the origin of creation according to Christian thought. Otherwise, the existence became profane when it has been disintegrated by obstruction of spirit functions, or losing of the spirit totally.

Therefore, the concept of sacred in Islam is the perfect existence by spirit; conversely, the profane is isintegration of spirit. Site Screening and Technical Guidance for Monitored Natural Attenuation at DOE Sites briefly outlines the biological and geochemical origins of natural attenuation, the tendency for natural processes in soils to mitigate contaminant transport and availability, and the means for relying on monitored natural attenuation MNA for remediation of contaminated soils and groundwaters.

This report contains a step-by-step guide for 1 screening contaminated soils and groundwaters on the basis of their potential for remediation by natural attenuation and 2 implementing MNA consistent with EPA OSWER Directive Further technical advances may cause some of the approach outlined in this document to change over time. This presentation summarizes the results of a screening process to identify TCE plumes at DOE facilities that are suitable for assessing the rate of TCE cometabolism under aerobic conditions.

In order to estimate aerobic degradation rates, plumes had to meet the following criteria: TCE must be present in aerobic groundwater, a conservative co-contaminant must be present and have approximately the same source as TCE, and the groundwater velocity must be known. For each of these sites , a co-contaminant derived from the same source area as TCE was used as a nonbiodegrading tracer. The tracer determined the extent to which concentration decreases in the plume can be accounted for solely by abiotic processes such as dispersion and dilution.

Any concentration decreases not accounted for by these processes must be explained by some other natural attenuation mechanism. Thus, ''half-lives'' presented herein are in addition to attenuation that occurs due to hydrologic mechanisms. This ''tracer-corrected method'' has previously been used at the DOE's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in conjunction with other techniques to document the occurrence of intrinsic aerobic cometabolism.

Application of this method to other DOE sites is the first step to determining whether this might be a significant natural attenuation mechanism on a broader scale. Application of the tracer-corrected method to data from the Brookhaven. Subcellular site and nature of intracellular cadmium in plants. The mechanisms underlying heavy metal accumulation, toxicity, and tolerance in higher plants are poorly understood. Since subcellular processes are undoubtedly involved in all these phenomena, it is of interest to study the extent, subcellular site and nature of intracellularly accumulated cadmium in higher plants.

Preparation of protoplasts from aerial tissues followed by subcellular fractionation of the protoplasts to obtain intact vacuoles, chloroplasts and cytosol revealed the presence of Cd in the cytosol but not in vacuoles or chloroplasts. No evidence was obtained for the production of volatile Cd complexes in tobacco. Natural radioactivity in ground water near the Savannah River Site.

A study of natural radioactivity in groundwater on and adjacent to the Savannah River Site SRS in Aiken SC was conducted to determine the spatial and temporal variations in the concentration of specific radionuclides. All available measurements for gross alpha particle activity, gross beta activity, uranium, Ra, Ra, and radon were collated. Relatively few radionuclide-specific results were found. Twenty samples from drinking water supplies in the area were collected in October and analyzed for U, U, Ra, Ra, and Rn The aquifer type for each public water supply system was determined, and statistical analyses were conducted to detect differences among aquifer types and geographic areas defined at the country level.

For samples from the public water wells and distribution systems on and adjacent to the site , most of the gross alpha particle activity could be attributed to Ra Aquifer type was an important factor in determining the level of radioactivity in groundwater. The distribution and geochemical factors affecting the distribution of each radionuclide for the different aquifer types are discussed in detail. Statistical analyses were also run to test for aerial differences, among counties and the site.

For all types of measurements, there were no differences in the distribution of radioactivity among the ten counties in the vicinity of the site or the site itself. The mean value for the plant was the lowest of all geographic areas for gross alpha particle activity and radon, intermediate for gross beta activity, and in the upper ranks for Ra and Ra It is concluded that the drinking water quality onsite is comparable with that in the vicinity.

Contribution of sacred forests to biodiversity conservation: case of Based on the species red list of Benin, threatened species found in Adjahouto and Lokozoun sacred forests were identified. Moreover, socio-economic survey of local residents allowed highlighting the factors that could impede the contribution of sacred Socio- cultural importance of sacred forests conservation in south Sacred forests have been an important part of many African traditional societies for decades.

This is an example of in-situ biodiversity conservation, which has supported various ecosystem functions. This study highlighted various approaches used by communities to enhance the socio- cultural importance of sacred forest The mechanisms underlying heavy metal accumulation, toxicity and tolerance in higher plants are poorly understood. Since subcellular processes are undoubtedly involved in all these phenomena, it is of interest to study the extent of, subcellular site of and nature of intracellularly accumulated cadmium in higher plants.

Preparation of protoplasts from aerial tissue followed by subcellular fractionation of the protoplasts to obtain intact vacuoles, chloroplasts and cytosol revealed the presence of Cd in the cytosol but not in vacuoles or chloroplasts. Particulate materials containing other cell components were also labeled. Cytosol contained proteinaceous--Cd complexes, free metal and low molecular weight Cd complexes.

Labeling of protoplasts gave similar results. Applicability of monitored natural attenuation at radioactively contaminated sites. This report discusses in detail the necessary prerequisites, processes involved and applicability of non-intervention as a strategy for dealing with radioactive contamination.

Particular emphasis is put on modelling tools as integral elements of monitored natural attenuation MNA. It provides a comprehensive critique of, and explores the limits of, the applicability of MNA. While MNA is de facto relied upon in many instances where contamination cannot be completely removed from an engineered repository, it is emphasized that non-intervention is not equivalent to a 'do nothing' option.

In order to rely on MNA safely, a thorough understanding of the site and the migration behaviour of the contaminants in the given environment is needed. This is gained from a comprehensive site investigation. This report complements other recent reports on remediation techniques and strategies with a less invasive concept. An extensive body of references including relevant web sites will help the reader to find more detailed or more up-to-date information. Full Text Available Considerable amount of interpreted data indicates that the ancient Slavs positioned their sacred sites in a way which refers to characteristic Sun angles.

The article addresses the question whether distances among such sites are based on a common unit of length. In particular, this article tackles that question applying the mathematical formalism on the following two assumptions: i the absolute value of a distance between sacred sites was significant to the pre-Christian Slavic priests, along with the angles between lines connecting pairs of sites ; ii the distances were prevalently measured utilising the projections of isosceles right triangle on the horizontal plane, with the exceptions of flat grounds for which the distances were measured by walk.

Based on the two stated assumptions the attempts are done to find the best possible length modules by using the probability distribution method of arithmetic sequences. The main property of length modules which are the least probable to appear by mere chance is that they account for as many as possible of distances from the analysed set of distances.

The stated method is applied on numerous sacred systems described in literature. The result is that several common modules are extracted. The modules are subsequently correlated with the modules extracted in my recent article using the novel method which extracts the optimal common sub-module.

Value of the length module thereby obtained is 30,9 m. It has 60 sub-units 0, m long a cubit and sub-units 0, m long a foot. Multiples of or sub-units, respectively, are regularly encountered in the analysed set of sacred sites in the form of sub-harmonics of the observed distances. One may argue that results of the analysis of the distances contributed to the fact that the ancient Slavs were giving a lot of attention to a solar calendar and. Reflections Around the Conservation of Sacred Thangkas.

Full Text Available Tibetan thangkas Buddhist scroll paintings are created as religious ritual objects. The fact that they are mainly considered as artworks in the Western world impacts on the decisions made for their display and conservation. This article explores the current approach to thangkas in Australian public collections and compares it with the views of contemporary Tibetan Buddhism practitioners. Conserving living religious heritage requires that professional ethical standards are adaptable to the needs of users.

Existing frameworks for the conservation of sacred objects of pre-colonised, indigenous cultures provide useful models for the conservation of thangkas. This article argues that engaging with contemporary cultural groups to conserve religious significance is part of the mission of conservators.

This is viewed as an expansion of conservation practice into the social realm, in a search for purposeful conservation that establishes the social relevance of our profession. Plant wealth of a sacred grove: Mallur Gutta, Telangana state, India. The exploration of Mallur Gutta resulted in the enumeration and documentation of plant wealth representing species of genera pertaining to 95 families of vascular plants.

The importance of the grove as the residence for many rare or medicinal species in the state of Telangana is documented. The plant diversity is analyzed in terms of growth and life forms which indicate the prevailing microclimate, ecological opportunities and the species richness. The ecological services rendered by the Mallur Gutta forest ecosystem are documented to study how the great majority of the species are used by the ethnic and nonethnic people, and also the pilgrims who visit the shrine for its serenity.

The study suggests the need to initiate remedial measures toward ecosystem. Radionuclide transport and retention in natural rock formations. Ruprechtov site. Deep geological disposal is based on a multi-barrier concept in which clay materials often play an important role as geological barriers.

Detailed investigations of suitable geological analogues may lead to a better understanding of the complex interrelations between transport and sorption of radionuclides in argillaceous media under natural conditions, and especially on very long-term scales relevant for Performance assessment PA. The Ruprechtov site was chosen because its geological and geochemical conditions are similar to sedimentary sequences which cover often potential host rocks for underground waste repositories.

It is situated in the north-western part of the Czech Republic in a Tertiary basin of the Eger Ohre rift composed of clay and organic material coal, lignite , with places of high uranium conentrations. The work presented here is a continuation of the previous project phase. In this last project phase the site investigation was limited to a small area of about m 3. Three exploration boreholes and two boreholes for detailed investigation were available at that time.

The main intention of the new project phase was to enlarge the investigation area, in order to better understand the structure and the hydrogeochemical conditions of the overall system. On the one hand this includes the characterisation of the hydrogeological conditions in order to understand the regional groundwater flow and potential uranium transport processes on a larger spatial scale. Therefore the spatial extension of uranium-rich layers, water-bearing horizons and lithological units as well as groundwater ages and flow directions need to be determined.

On that basis a conceptual model for the groundwater flow at Ruprechtov site can be developed. On the other hand it. As philosophical and theological discourses embrace this aporia, it does so against the backdrop of unprecedented human migration. The concomitant cultural and social disruption throws up new questions around the nature and experience of religion, spirituality and the sacred.

This paper explores these questions in the context of a Congolese choir called Elikya, which was established by a group of asylum seekers in Limerick city, Ireland, in In tracking the musical life of this choir over the last decade and a half, including two musical recordings and numerous liturgical, religious and secular performances, it suggests that the sonic world of the choir both performs and transcends these descriptors.

Using a three-fold model of context, content and intent, the paper concludes that musical experiences such as those created by Elikya erode any easy divisions between the religious and the secular or the liturgical and the non-liturgical and provide sonic opportunities to encounter the sacred stranger in the untidy playground of creative chaos. Birds of sacred groves of northern Kerala, India. They are protected through spiritual beliefs.

Sacred groves provide an excellent abode to the biodiversity of the region where they are located. Scientific exploration of fauna from sacred groves of India is few and far between. The present study was conducted to explore the bird diversity and abundance in 15 selected sacred groves of northern Kerala, eight from Kannur District and seven from Kasargod District each.

A total of bird species were observed belonging to 49 families and 16 orders. The sacred groves of northern Kerala also support two endemic bird species of the Western Ghats, such as the Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus and Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa. Five species of raptors and four owl species were reported from the sacred groves of north Kerala during the present study.

The sacred groves of northern Kerala also supported 17 species of long distant migratory birds. Requiem Canticles. Canticum sacrum. Variations sur un choral de Bach. This paper examines some of the problems associated with unquestioned teaching practices and theories " sacred cows" in the field of reading. Topics discussed include phonics, pronunciation, oral reading, teacher accountability and behavioral objectives, individualized reading, and the open classroom.

Sacred and profane view of Christmas in advertising. This article investigates the way seasonal advertising campaigns convey the paradoxical relationship between sacred and profane views of Christmas. The following research reveals the differences between commercialized and religious Christmas celebrations by analyzing the advertisements running on the Romanian market between November 15th and December 25th, The present study focuses on the following topics: the values promoted by both local and international brands, the sacred mindset ve Revision 1.

Full Text Available On a global scale, the existing Sacred Groves SGs are based on ancestral worship and focus on the conservation of forest patches. For a detailed investigation, sample areas were set, for the assessment of floral and faunal diversity, ethno-cultural values and management status.

A total of 58 floral species and 13 faunal species were recorded. In Balasore, Sacred Groves are small in size and can act as starting points for any long term conservation plan of biodiversity. The communities have kept their faith and traditions linked to these mini nuclei of rich biodiversity in the landscape.

Therefore, any conservation program can begin from local communities, by taking them into consideration as trustworthy awareness building factors. Natural groundwater recharge and water balance at the Hanford Site. The purpose of this report is to present water-balance data collected in and from the Area Buried Waste Test Facility and Grass Site , and the East Area closed-bottom lysimeter. This report is an annual update of previous recharge status reports by Gee, Rockhold, and Downs, and Gee.

Data from several other lysimeter sites are included for comparison. From the numinous to the sacred. The Idea of the Holy and made it central to his understanding of religion. However, as Lucy Huskinson has recently pointed out, this involves a misreading of Otto's work in which we have to look beyond the numinous which is the non-rational factor in religion towards the 'holy' which, like a symbol, holds the rational and non-rational aspects of religious experience together in a personally transformative way.

This understanding of the spiritual and psychological journey is supported by case material in which a numinous experience, arising in the context of intensive analytical psychotherapy, proved to be but the first step in a process which led, through a period of mourning, towards the development of the patient's capacity to symbolize. In the light of this, the author suggests that the sacred is to be found in the capacity for a certain quality of symbolic relatedness--to self and other--which may or may not be attended by numinous experience.

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