Carbon Motors Corporation was an American automotive corporation that developed a purpose-built police car. Carcraft was an independent group of used car hypermarkets established in in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, with eleven locations around the country. CarGurus is a Cambridge, Massachusetts-based automotive research and shopping website that assists users in comparing local listings for used and new cars, and contacting sellers.
Carisma Automotive is a UK-based automotive shop which specializes in customized interiors, paint, tyres, and other accessories, founded in Carl Louis "Charles" Breeden 10 February — 2 November was an English automotive industry engineer and entrepreneur and a first-class cricketer. Carmor Integrated Vehicle Solutions previously known as Hatehof is an Israeli company that manufactures tankers, aircraft refuelers, fire fighting trucks, armored vehicles and special purpose trailers.
Carnation Auto is a multi-brand automotive sales and service company headquartered in Noida, India. CarPrice Limited is an online used car broker and auctioneer headquartered in Moscow, Russia, with more than 50 offices in 23 large Russian cities.
Carrozzeria Barbi is an Italian bus manufacturer, with headquarters in Mirandola, near Modena. Carrozzeria Marazzi is an Italian coachbuilding company founded in and is located in Caronno Pertusella, outside Milan. Carrozzeria Sports Cars was a niche carrozzeria in Modena, Italy, active in the s. The Carrozzeria Viotti was an Italian coachbuilding company active between and From to , primarily North America and parts of Europe experienced the rise of the Roaring Twenties.
CarsDirect is an American online automotive research portal and car buying service based in El Segundo, California that allows consumers to research, price, purchase, insure and finance a vehicle online. The Cartercar was an American automobile manufactured in in Jackson, Michigan, in in Detroit, and from to in Pontiac, Michigan.
Carzone is an Irish website for motor dealers and consumers located in Dublin, Ireland, and is owned by the Auto Trader Group. Paying cash for cars is part of the vehicle recycling process that dismantles derelict automobiles for spare parts or scrap metal. Castrol is a British global brand of industrial and automotive lubricants offering a wide range of oils, greases and similar products for most lubrication applications.
Catalytic chain transfer CCT is a process that can be incorporated into radical polymerization to obtain greater control over the resulting products. Category management is an approach to the organisation of purchasing within a business organisation. CEATSA, is an Argentine high technology testing company providing environmental testing services to the satellite, aeronautics, electronics, automotive, defense, and energy industries.
A cenosphere is a lightweight, inert, hollow sphere made largely of silica and alumina and filled with air or inert gas, typically produced as a byproduct of coal combustion at thermal power plants. The Center for Automotive Research CAR is a nonprofit research organization based in Ann Arbor, Michigan that conducts research, forecasts trends, develops new methodologies, and advises on public policy.
Central Motor Co. Not to be confused with Century, a British motor company that produced cars until Century Motor Vehicle Company — was a manufacturer of electric and steam automobiles in Syracuse, New York. Ceradyne, Incorporated is a wholly owned subsidiary of 3M based in the United States. Cerium III oxide, also known as cerium oxide, cerium trioxide, cerium sesquioxide, cerous oxide or dicerium trioxide, is an oxide of the rare-earth metal cerium. A chain conveyor is a type of conveyor system for moving material through production lines.
Chang'an Automobile Group Co. Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, and is also the core city of Northeast Asia. Channel coordination or supply chain coordination aims at improving supply chain performance by aligning the plans and the objectives of individual enterprises. Charles "Chuck" J. Charles H. Charles Hotchkiss Norton November 23, , Plainville, Connecticut — October 27, , Plainville, Connecticut was an American mechanical engineer and designer of machine tools.
Charles Williams Nash January 28, — June 6, was an American automobile entrepreneur who served as an executive in the automotive industry. Chase, was a manufacturer of trucks in Syracuse, New York. Checker Motors Corporation was a Kalamazoo, Michigan-based vehicle manufacturer and tier-one subcontractor that manufactured taxicabs used by Checker Taxi.
Chery Automobile Co. Chiaphua Components Group is a supplier of electric motors, actuator systems, transaxles and controls, based in China. A Chief Technology Officer CTO , sometimes known as a Chief Technical Officer, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues within an organization.
The China Compulsory Certificate mark, commonly known as a CCC Mark, is a compulsory safety mark for many products imported, sold or used in the Chinese market. China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation, also known as China South Industries Group Corporation CSGC is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles, firearms, vehicle components, and optical-electronic products and other special products domestically and internationally.
Chiribiri was an aircraft and automobile manufacturer in Turin Italy from Chopping and channeling is a form of customization in the "kustom kulture" and among hot rodders. The Chronicle Publishing Company was a print and broadcast media corporation headquartered in San Francisco, California that was in operation from until Chrysler Europe was the American automotive company Chrysler's operations in Europe from through CIE Automotive is an industrial group specialised in supplying components and subassemblies for the automotive market.
It is easily accessed via the network of road links with nearby major cities such as Seville or Faro Portugal. Jasper, now part of Cisco, is an American corporation headquartered in Santa Clara, California that provides a cloud-based software platform for the Internet of Things IoT and, more specifically, to enable product businesses to become IoT service businesses. Cizeta Automobili srl of Modena, Italy is a car manufacturer set up in the late s by Claudio Zampolli an Italian Ferrari dealer and the record producer Giorgio Moroder.
Claude Dubois-Millot was sales director of the Gault Millau restaurant guide and served as one of the eleven judges of the historic Judgment of Paris wine tasting. A clevis fastener is a three-piece fastener system consisting of a clevis, clevis pin, and tang.
Clinching or press-joining is a bulk-sheet metal-forming process aimed at joining thin metal sheet without additional components, using special tools to plastically form an interlock between two or more sheets. Club Car is an American company that manufactures electric and gas-powered golf cars and UTVs for personal and commercial use. The Coey-Mitchell Automobile Company was an American automobile manufacturer that built the Coey automobiles and operated a chain of American Driving Schools from to and was headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Collaborative project management is a method used to plan, coordinate, control, and monitor distributed and complex projects. The Colt Group is a family owned business, founded in , that designs and supplies climate control, smoke control, natural ventilation, solar shading and daylight technology. The Columbus Buggy Company was an early buggy and automotive manufacturer based in Columbus, Ohio from to A compact car North America , or small family car in British acceptation, is a classification of cars that are larger than a subcompact car but smaller than a mid-size car, roughly equivalent to the C-segment in Europe.
Computer-aided design CAD is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. Computer-aided engineering CAE is the broad usage of computer software to aid in engineering analysis tasks. Computer-integrated manufacturing CIM is the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process. Conceptual economy is a term describing the contribution of creativity, innovation, and design skills to economic competitiveness, especially in the global context.
Configuration Lifecycle Management CLM is the management of all product configuration definitions and configurations across all involved business processes applied throughout the lifecycle of a product. A connected car is a car that is equipped with Internet access, and usually also with a wireless local area network.
Constellium is a global producer of aluminium semi-products with headquarters in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Continental AG, commonly known as Continental, is a leading German automotive manufacturing company specialising in tyres, brake systems, interior electronics, automotive safety, powertrain and chassis components, tachographs, and other parts for the automotive and transportation industries.
Continental Automotive Systems CAS , founded in by Alfred Teves, a division of the German Continental AG, is a brake and electronics supplier to the automotive industry, supplying systems, components, electronics, lithium-ion batteries and engineering services for vehicle safety, comfort and powertrain performance.
A contract manufacturer "CM" is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products. A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another. Cooper-Standard Automotive Inc. Corning Incorporated is an American multinational technology company that specializes in specialty glass, ceramics, and related materials and technologies including advanced optics, primarily for industrial and scientific applications.
Cosmo Films Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that manufactures bi-axially oriented polypropylene films BOPP for packaging, label, lamination and industrial applications. Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines, powertrain, and electronics; for automobile racing motorsport and mainstream automotive industries.
A Counting Point, in short 'CP', is a certain spot for planning, controlling and monitoring material flow items e. Courtaulds was a United Kingdom-based manufacturer of fabric, clothing, artificial fibres, and chemicals. Cox Enterprises, Inc. A crash simulation is a virtual recreation of a destructive crash test of a car or a highway guard rail system using a computer simulation in order to examine the level of safety of the car and its occupants.
The Crawford Automobile Company was an automobile manufacturing company based in Hagerstown, Maryland which produced cars — Crawford Composites is an American manufacturer of carbon fiber and composite parts company based in Denver, North Carolina. A cryogenic treatment is the process of treating workpieces to cryogenic temperatures i.
CSK Auto, Inc. The cubic inch symbol in3 is a unit of measurement for volume in the Imperial units and United States customary units systems. The Cummins B Series is a family of American straight-four and straight-6 diesel piston engines that are manufactured by Cummins. Cumulative quantities are a concept in logistics that involves adding up required materials quantities over a defined time-window that can be drawn as a 'cumulative curve'.
A cyber-physical also styled cyberphysical system CPS is a mechanism that is controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms, tightly integrated with the Internet and its users. Cybotron were a pioneering and influential American electro music group formed in by Juan Atkins and Richard "" Davis in Detroit. Cycle and Carriage was a company, founded in , and based in Singapore and Malaysia.
Cyclic Corrosion Testing CCT has evolved in recent years, largely within the automotive industry, as a way of accelerating real-world corrosion failures, under laboratory controlled conditions. Cycling in Kuala Lumpur Menunggang basikal di bandaraya Kuala Lumpur refers to the bicycle uses in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for touring, recreational, work and transportation purpose. Cymat Technologies is a public corporation based out of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, and one of the world leaders in the production of Aluminum foam.
The Daihatsu Mira Gino is a kei car with distinctive retro styling made by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu. Lawson in , which set up its manufacturing base in Coventry. Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of motor vehicles and internal combustion engines, which was founded in The DaimlerChrysler—Mitsubishi alliance refers to the month period during which U.
Ralph Dale Earnhardt Sr. April 29, — February 18, , known professionally as Dale Earnhardt, was an American professional auto racing driver and team owner, best known for his involvement in stock car racing for NASCAR. Dallara Automobili is an Italian chassis manufacturer for various motor racing series, being most notable for its near-monopoly in Formula Three since Dana Incorporated is an American worldwide supplier of drivetrain, sealing, and thermal-management technologies.
Daxcon Engineering, Inc. Day-Elder Motors Corporation , also known as D. KG is an international specialty chemical company headquartered in Herdecke, Germany. It is the European market leader for micro-layer corrosion protection systems and is represented in more than countries worldwide. A DC connector or DC plug, for one common type of connector is an electrical connector for supplying direct current DC power. De Dion-Bouton was a French automobile manufacturer and railcar manufacturer operating from to A dealership management system DMS or auto dealership management system is a bundled management information system created specifically for automotive industry car dealerships or large equipment manufacturers, such as Caterpillar Inc dealerships, and also adapted for cars, boats, bikes, RV, and power sports dealers.
Decision intelligence is a framework that unifies a number of best practices for organizational decision making. Del Monte Motor Works, Inc.. Delek Group is an Israeli conglomerate and one of Israel's largest companies, majority owned by Yitzhak Tshuva a self-made multi-billionaire. Dell'Orto is an Italian company, headquartered in Cabiate, specialized in the construction of carburetors and electronic injection systems. Silverio, Sr. Detroit's population began to expand rapidly based on resource extraction from around the Great Lakes region, especially lumber and mineral resources.
Dennis M. Denway Motors Limited former stock code was an investment holding company listed in Hong kong. A desaxe engine, is one in which each cylinder is positioned with its exact center the bore axis slightly offset from the center line of the crankshaft. A design director is a position usually found within the advertising, media, automotive or entertainment industries, but may be useful in other creative organizations such as web development and software development firms as well.
Desoutter Industrial Tools founded in and headquartered in France, is an industrial manufacturer providing electric and pneumatic assembly tools. A development mule test mule, or simply mule in the automotive industry is a testbed vehicle equipped with prototype components requiring evaluation.
Diatto was an Italian manufacturing company founded in in Turin by Guglielmo Diatto to make 'carriages for wealthy customers'. Didcot is a railway town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and the historic county of Berkshire. Dieffenbacher is an internationally active group of companies that develops and manufactures press systems and complete production systems for the wood panel industry, the automotive and composites industries.
DieselJet s. V, in English National Diesel is a Mexican automotive producer of heavy duty and specialty trucks, urban buses, armored military vehicles, and intercity buses. A distributor is an enclosed rotating shaft used in spark-ignition internal combustion engines that have mechanically-timed ignition.
Dixiana Farm, founded in , is an American Thoroughbred horse breeding farm in Lexington, Kentucky. The Dolson was a brass era automobile manufactured in Charlotte, Michigan by the J. Dometic Group is a Swedish manufacturer whose core business is climate, hygiene, sanitation, food and beverage applications within the RV, marine, and automotive industry.
Dongfeng Honda Automobile Co. Dongfeng Motor Company Limited abb. DFL is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, China. Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China. Dongfeng Nengdi Hangzhou Motor Co. Yangzijiang Dongfeng Automobile Wuhan Co. Dongfeng Yueda Kia Motor Co. Dongfeng Yulon Motor Co. Dongfeng Yulon is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, China and a joint venture between the Chinese automaker Dongfeng Motor Corporation and the Taiwanese automaker Yulon Motor.
Donkervoort Automobielen BV is a manufacturer of authentic hand-built and ultra light weight sports cars based in Lelystad, Netherlands. DOT 3 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 4 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point. DOT 5 is one of several North American designations of automotive hydraulic brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 5. In the context of the automobile industry, downsizing is a practice used to transition vehicles from one size segment to another. DR Automobiles S. The Dragon Automobile Company manufactured automobiles from to , first in Detroit, Michigan, and then in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Koninklijke DSM N. Du Pont Motors was founded by E. After the war, the Du Pont Motor Company produced extremely high-end automobiles. Durden and Co. Dutton Group is an Australian-based automotive company headquartered in Richmond, Victoria. Dynamatic Technologies officially Dynamatic Technologies Limited is an Indian company involved in precision engineering.
Dynetics is an American private employee-owned , applied science, and information technology company headquartered in Huntsville, Alabama. Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization. Ecoigo is an environmentally conscious London-based company, which offers corporate taxicab, chauffeur and private hire in the United Kingdom. The economic history of World War I covers the methods used by the First World War — , as well as related postwar issues such as war debts and reparations.
Compared to other popular modes of passenger transportation, the car has a relatively high cost per person-distance traveled. An economy car is an automobile that is designed for low-cost purchase and operation. Alberta's economy is the sum of all economic activity in Alberta, Canada's fourth largest province by population. There's evidence to believe that Aurangabad was developed as a trading hub four centuries ago.
The modern, private enterprise economy of Belgium has capitalised on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base. The economy of Ghana has a diverse and rich resource base, including the manufacturing and exportation of digital technology goods, automotive and ship construction and exportation, and the exportation of diverse and rich resources such as hydrocarbons and industrial minerals.
The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector. The economy of Malaysia is the 4th largest in Southeast Asia, and is the 38th largest economy in the world. The economy of Morocco is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand.
Nigeria is a middle-income, mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology and entertainment sectors. The economy of Serbia is a service-based upper middle income economy with the tertiary sector accounting for two-thirds of total gross domestic product GDP and functions on the principles of the free market.
The economy of the Philippines is the world's 34th largest economy by nominal GDP according to the estimate of the International Monetary Fund's statistics, it is the 13th largest economy in Asia, and the 3rd largest economy in the ASEAN after Indonesia and Thailand.
Edgar Staley Gorrell February 3, —March 5, was an American military officer, aviation pioneer, historian, manufacturing entrepreneur, and advocate for the airline industry. Edoardo Bianchi 17 July — 3 July was an Italian entrepreneur and inventor who founded the bicycle manufacturing company Bianchi in and the Italian automobile manufacturer Autobianchi.
Edward Payson Bullard Jr. July 10, — June 26, was an American engineer, president of the Bullard Machine Tool Company for 40 years, and inventor. Edward T. Edwin R. EFI Technology Inc. NS is the parent company of Royal Enfield, a manufacturer of middleweight motorcycles. Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42, inhabitants, located west of Erfurt, southeast of Kassel and northeast of Frankfurt.
In the United States, Election Day is the day set by law for the general elections of federal public officials. Electra Meccanica Vehicles Corp. An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars. Electric resistance welding ERW refers to a group of welding processes such as spot and seam welding that produce coalescence of faying surfaces where heat to form the weld is generated by the electrical resistance of material combined with the time and the force used to hold the materials together during welding.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. Electricfil, also known as EFI Automotive, is a manufacturer of automotive engine and powertrain sensors. Electroplating is a process that uses an electric current to reduce dissolved metal cations so that they form a thin coherent metal coating on an electrode.
Elles Bougent is a French voluntary association created in in order to attract high school girls and young students women to careers in transportation engineering aerospace, automotive, rail. Elmhurst is a residential neighborhood in the southernmost part of Oakland, California.
Elmore Manufacturing Company was a manufacturer of veteran and brass era automobiles and bicycles —97 , headquartered at Amanda Street, Clyde, Ohio, from until Elwood Haynes October 14, — April 13, was an American inventor, metallurgist, automotive pioneer, entrepreneur and industrialist.
Emigration from Malta was an important demographic phenomenon throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, leading to the creation of large Maltese communities in English-speaking countries abroad. Employee pricing is a selling strategy launched in by the auto industry in order to attract customers by using the discounted prices that auto industry employees pay for new cars rather than the sticker price MSRP.
Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers. The England—Germany football rivalry is considered to be mainly an English phenomenon—in the run-up to any competition match between the two teams, many UK newspapers will print articles detailing results of previous encounters, such as those in and Heat exchangers were initially developed to use plain or smooth heat transfer surfaces.
The EnOcean technology is an energy harvesting wireless technology used primarily in building automation systems, and is also applied to other applications in industry, transportation, logistics and smart homes. EnPro Industries, Inc. Environmental Stress Cracking ESC is one of the most common causes of unexpected brittle failure of thermoplastic especially amorphous polymers known at present. The ETAS Group is a German company which designs solutions and tools for the development of embedded systems for the automotive industry and other sectors of the embedded industry.
Etox is the first Turkish automobile manufacturer dedicated exclusively to building sports cars. Etwall is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England, southwest of Derby on the A Eugene Bordinat, Jr. February 10, — August 11, was a Ford Motor Company styling executive whose career spanned several decades. The ENX Association is an association of European vehicle manufacturers, suppliers and organisations.
Excon Worldwide, Inc. The export of cryptographic technology and devices from the United States was severely restricted by U. Fabbrica Ligure Automobili Genova, F. Facel S. An automotive facelift also known as mid-generational refresh, minor model change or minor model update, life cycle impulse comprises changes to a car, truck or bus's styling during its production run — including, to highly variable degree, new sheetmetal, interior design elements or mechanical changes — allowing a carmaker to freshen a model without complete redesign.
Factory Five Racing, Inc. Faurecia is the 6th largest international automotive parts manufacturer in the world; in it was 1 for vehicle interiors and emission control technology. A is a bank dedicated to motorists, which mainly operates in the automotive financing sector and cooperates with prestigious automotive brands Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep, Abarth, Maserati, Jaguar and Land Rover as well as motorhome and caravan manufacturers.
FCA Italy S. Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together. Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche 19 September — 27 March , mainly known as Ferry Porsche, was an Austrian technical automobile designer and automaker-entrepreneur.
The Ferrari S commonly or Sport was the first vehicle produced and built by automaker Ferrari of Modena, Italy. Ferreycorp is a Peruvian conglomerate engaged in the import, distribution, sale, leasing and maintenance of construction, mining, agricultural and transport equipment, vehicles and machinery such as, tractors, trucks and excavators under the Caterpillar, Iveco, Yutong, Massey Ferguson, Terex and many others brands.
Fial Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Legnano , direct translation Italian Automobile Factory Legnano, was a company that manufactured industrial and marine engines in Legnano. The Fiat and Fiat are automobiles which were manufactured by the Italian automaker Fiat from to The Fiat and Fiat are passenger cars produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat from to and from to respectively. The Fiat and are six-cylinder saloons produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between and The Fiat is a six-cylinder executive car which was produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between and The Fiat was a model of car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between and as a replacement for the The Fiat is a model of car produced by the Italian automotive company, Fiat between and The Fiat was a model of car produced by Italian automotive company, Fiat between and Fiat is a car which was produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between and Fiat Automobiles S.
Fiat Automobiles was formed in January when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N. Fiat Powertrain Technologies FPT was established in March as a Fiat Group division which included all the activities related to powertrains and transmissions.
Fiat Professional is the brand name and subsidiary for FCA Italy's formerly Fiat Group Automobiles light commercial vehicles and their passenger variants. Fiat S. A first article inspection FAI is a design verification and design history file and a formal method of providing a reported measurement for a given manufacturing process. First-party leads are sales leads that contain the contact information provided by prospective customers directly to the potential seller.
Fisker Automotive was a company known for producing the Fisker Karma, which was one of the world's first production luxury plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Fisker Inc. A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag.
FlexLink, also FlexLink AB, is a manufacturer of flexible, modular conveyors and industrial automation equipment. The — Flint sit-down strike against General Motors also known as the General Motors sit-down strike, the great GM sit-down strike, and other variants changed the United Automobile Workers UAW from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major labor union and led to the unionization of the domestic United States automobile industry.
Flint, Michigan is a city which previously relied on its auto industry, and still does to an extent. Flowmaster Ltd. A fluid coupling or hydraulic coupling is a hydrodynamic device used to transmit rotating mechanical power. A fluidized bed concentrator FBC is an industrial process for the treatment of exhaust air.
The Forbes Global is an annual ranking of the top 2, public companies in the world by Forbes magazine. The Forbes list of Indian billionaires is based on an annual assessment of wealth and assets compiled and published by Forbes magazine in March Ford Motor Company commonly referred to simply as "Ford" is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd. Ford Motor Company Philippines, Inc. The fourth generation Ford Mustang was an automobile produced by the American manufacturer Ford for the through model years. Ford New Zealand.
Ford Performance formerly Ford Racing is the high performance division of Ford Motor Company and the multinational name used for its motorsport and racing activity. Ford Romania is an automobile manufacturing company operated by Ford of Europe, located in Craiova, Romania. The Ford Southampton plant was a motor vehicle assembly plant, located in Swaythling on the north eastern outskirts of Southampton, England.
Fornasari was an Italian car manufacturer that was created in by Giuseppe Fornasari. The Fortune Global , also known as Global , is an annual ranking of the top corporations worldwide as measured by revenue and the list is compiled and published annually by Fortune magazine. Beiqi Foton Motor Co. Foton Motor or Foton is a Chinese company which designs and manufactures trucks, buses, sport utility vehicles and agricultural machinery.
A four-slide, also known as a multislide, multi-slide, or four-way, is a metalworking machine tool used in the high-volume manufacture of small stamped components from bar or wire stock. French—Turkish relations cover a long period from the 16th century to the present, starting with the alliance established between Francis I and Suleiman the Magnificent.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main "Frankfurt on the Main" , is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany. Frankston is an outer-suburb of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Frankston. Freenex Co, Ltd. Frese Motorcars, Inc. The FTE automotive Group is a German automotive manufacturing company specialized in the sector of drive train and brake system applications for the automotive industry.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work. Fujian Benz Automotive Co. Full-mold casting is an evaporative-pattern casting process which is a combination of sand casting and lost-foam casting.
Functional safety is the part of the overall safety of a system or piece of equipment that depends on the system or equipment operating correctly in response to its inputs, including the safe management of likely operator errors, hardware failures and environmental changes. Fusible core injection molding, also known as lost core injection molding, is a specialized plastic injection molding process used to mold internal cavities or undercuts that are not possible to mold with demoldable cores.
Galvannealed or galvanneal galvannealed steel is the result from the processes of galvanizing followed by annealing of sheet steel. Garmin Ltd. General Gordon Baker Jr. General Cable is a company based in Highland Heights, Kentucky, with sales offices and manufacturing facilities in several countries. General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors GM , is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
General Motors Egypt S. Georg Kraus born July 30, is a German management consultant and writer;, the founder of the Dr. George P. Johnson or GPJ is an American multinational corporation that specialises in event marketing and brand marketing, with headquarters located in Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States. George Romney ran for the Republican Party nomination in the United States presidential election. Georges Besse 25 December , in Clermont-Ferrand, France — 17 November , in Paris was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime.
Gestigon stylized as gestigon is a software development company founded in September by Sascha Klement, Erhardt Barth, and Thomas Martinetz. Getrag, stylized as GETRAG, is the world's largest supplier of transmission systems for passenger cars and commercial vehicles.
Geunyoung Industry Co, Ltd. The Ghabbour Group is an Egyptian manufacturer of automobiles, buses, trucks and motorcycles located in Cairo. Ghandhara Nissan is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan since Giannini Automobili S.
Gibson Technology is an automotive and motorsport company based at Repton, Derbyshire, England. Gigabit Video Interface GVIF is a digital video serial interface developed by Sony in for high quality uncompressed video transmission from digital video hardware.
Gillet is a Belgian automobile manufacturer, started in by former racing driver Tony Gillet. Gillet Herstal was a Belgian manufacturer of motorcycles and automobiles based in Herstal. GKN plc is a British multinational automotive and aerospace components company headquartered in Redditch, Worcestershire.
GKN Driveline is a multinational automotive components manufacturer specialising in driveline technologies. GLM Co. GM Components Holdings is an automotive components producer and distributor based in the United States. General Motors Vietnam Company, Ltd. Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife.
Goji Electronics, Inc. Borgward and Wilhelm Tecklenborg in , and was part of the Borgward group. Gonow officially Zhejiang Gonow Auto Co. Grade Automobilwerke AG was an automobile manufacturing company established by the German aviation pioneer Hans Grade in and was closed in the late s. Graham-Paige was an American automobile manufacturer founded by brothers Joseph B. Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, and the largest city in West Michigan.
Grant Maloy Smith born August 28, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and businessman. The Great Depression in the United Kingdom, also known as the Great Slump, was a period of national economic downturn in the s, which had its origins in the global Great Depression. Greater Los Angeles is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the southeast.
Grout Brothers was a manufacturer of steam-powered automobiles in Orange, Massachusetts. Grrr was a advertising campaign launched by Honda to promote its newly launched i-CTDi diesel engines in the United Kingdom. Grupo Industrial Ramirez was the first Mexican automotive company and also the first Mexican company to ever produce pickup trucks and vans.
Gruppo Bertone, commonly known simply as Bertone, was an Italian automobile company, which specialized in car styling, coachbuilding and manufacturing. Guardian Industries is a privately held industrial manufacturer of glass, automotive and building products based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. De Guzman in Haden Drysys International played a major part in the development of the paint finishing industry. Hafei, officially Hafei Motor Co. Hako GmbH is a manufacturer of street sweeping equipment and ultra-light commercial vehicles, headquartered in Bad Oldesloe, Germany with customers in about sixty countries.
Hampson Industries plc was a large British provider of engineering services to the aerospace and automotive industries. Hansa-Automobil Gesellschaft m. Harry C. Hartford is a city in Washington and Dodge counties in the U. Hawker Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer responsible for some of the most famous products in British aviation history.
Hay Automobiltechnik based in Bockenau, Germany, is an automotive corporation from Germany which is the largest European producer of flywheels, hot rolled seamless rings and final drive gears and crown wheels for differential gears. The Haynes Automobile Company was a United States automobile manufacturing company that produced automobiles in Kokomo, Indiana, from to Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings ; or complex or numerous processes.
The Henokiens is an association of companies who have been continuously operating and remain family-owned for years or more, and whose descendants still operate at management level. Henry D. Sahakian was the founder of Uni-Mart, which quickly became one of the largest convenience store and gasoline station chains in the United States. Henry Martyn Leland February 16, — March 26, was an American machinist, inventor, engineer and automotive entrepreneur.
Heraeus is a German technology group with a focus on precious and special metals, medical technology, quartz glass, sensors and specialty light sources. Hero Motocorp Ltd. Hewland is a British engineering company, founded in by Mike Hewland, which specialises in racing-car gearboxes.
Hexcel Corporation is a public company that produces advanced composite materials engineering. Hino Motors, Ltd. Hispano-Argentina was an Argentinian automotive and engineering company that manufactured vehicles, aircraft, machinery, weaponry and parts for public works. The history of Connecticut Industry is a major part of the history of Connecticut. This article is about the history of Coventry, a city in the West Midlands, England.
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Due to his successful undergraduate thesis, he was invited in to become a columnist at Folha de S. Paulo newspaper, to edit a column about automobiles, specially the automotive industry. He moved to Rede Bandeirantes in , working in both radio and television stations. He already was a columnist for O Globo since He moved his newspaper column to O Estado de S. Paulo on May 1, ,  where he stayed up to December 3, .
In , he agreed to make an advertisement campaign for Bank Bradesco , posing for advertising pieces of HiperFundo Bradesco , a mutual fund. Paulo and O Globo decided to stop the publication of his column, allegedly because the fact his economical columnist to advertise a financial product was incompatible with their policies.
He defeated those allegations in an article called "May I Talk? What endangers the Brazilian people in journalism and throws the profession's ethics in the dirt is the old, and even celebrated, journalistic merchandising, with political, partisan, ideological, cultural, religious or militant nature. He also presented Canal Livre , an interview program broadcast on Sunday nights, as well took participations on Band News television and FM radio,  and Bandeirantes' BandSports channel as well.
He was diagnosed with an autoimmune vasculitis and hospitalized on October 22, at Albert Einstein Hospital. He would ultimately suffer a cerebrovascular accident on November 25, , dying on November 29, Immediately he started to read a letter in homage to him, as reproduced here: . But I knew he has learned it. Or imagined it.
What I know is the first Sunday after falling to the 2nd Division for the second time, Mr. Joelmir had a stroke before to watch the first match after the downgrading. He made a tomography early in the morning. In some minutes the doctor a fanatic Corinthians supporter said another giant could no longer rise again.
In the day after to the diabolic second-class division my father started to go to Heaven. The chances to recover from an autoimmune disease were not so good. They became almost impossible with the bleeding of his privileged brain. Irrigated and ventilated as too few among those who know and recognize him. Beloved and cherished for those not too few that had the privilege to know him. Do I need to say anything else to the best Babbo in the world that turned to be the best Nonno in the Universe?
I need. But I don't know. Usually he knew everything. When he didn't knew, he invented with the same class as he talked what he knew. Every father looks like that to his son. But a journalist's father to someone which is also a journalist gets even more orphan. I have never seen my father as a super-hero. Only as a super human. But I could never realize he would get ill and weak in flesh. I have never admitted we could lose the one that made us only gain.
He taught me so many things I couldn't describe them. One of them is, not all words are needed to be said. They should only be thought. Those who talks about what thinks, doesn't think about what he talks. Those who feels what he talks doesn't need to say it. But, today, I need to thank for my 46 years. For the 49 years of love from my mother. For his 75 years. More than everything, for the affection from the people that know him — therefore like him.
And specially for the people who don't know him — and some who cried like he was an old friend. I've learned a thing from you, babbo. Before become a great journalist it is needed to be a great person. I have learned from him I don't need to work to be a great professional. I need to try to be a great person. As you did both. In one phone call, he rails about his distrust of the media.
Another call ends with a referral to his attorney. In late January, he answers a few questions and agrees to a fuller interview if ESPN agrees not to ask him about the insider-trading case or write about allegations that he once provided information to an FBI agent. ESPN declines the offer. Walters repeatedly voices frustration over what he says are draconian laws that drive a massive market of betting dollars to poorly regulated offshore locales.
Why don't we keep the bad guys out? Why don't we generate some jobs? One of the few times he got close -- in a fawning 60 Minutes profile in -- he spoke only in general terms. He's been more open about his background: He was born to a poor teenage mother in southern Kentucky and raised primarily by his grandmother until she died when Billy was In the early s, he left two failed marriages and a car salesman gig behind in Kentucky and, after a misdemeanor gambling conviction, headed west with a tiny bank account and a heavy drinking habit.
After arriving in Vegas, Walters connected with the people who would help him turn his gambling habit into a career. In , Dr. Ivan Mindlin and Michael Kent had formed the now-legendary Computer Group, which pioneered the use of computer algorithms for sports betting. Mindlin was the self-indulgent frontman, a surgeon-turned-gambler. The technology was run by Kent, a mathematician who developed nuclear submarine technology.
By the early '80s, the Computer Group had burgeoned into the first national network of sports bettors, betting hundreds of thousands a day. The collective's gamblers, handicappers and investors began earning millions.
Walters was inexperienced, but Mindlin was impressed with his moxie and recommended his hiring to Kent in Walters was tasked with exploiting the weakest betting lines with bookies, then eventually with moving millions every week in exchange for a cut of the profits. After a few years, Walters quit drinking for good and morphed into a member of Las Vegas' influential elite, developing golf courses, subdivisions and industrial parks.
According to Jack Sheehan, a longtime Vegas pal, Walters fancies himself an across-the-board genius whose business acumen stretches far beyond betting. He prefers being seen as a successful entrepreneur, the friend says, not just a "Las Vegas gambler. But gambling was how he made his name. Or be on a beach with three gals in bikinis. Billy works as hard today as he did when he was a used-car salesman in Kentucky. Walters' big action is unwelcome in many sportsbooks in Vegas, so he relies on his network of "runners" like Rubalcada, who are tasked with placing bets without giving any hint that they're working for someone else.
Meanwhile, an account that's too successful runs the risk of being shut down. That makes a large network a major advantage -- each runner stays under the limit, but the total amount bet on Walters' behalf often exceeds it many times over. But they can't build out that distribution network.
So Rubalcada spent day after day in the dimly lit sportsbook, waiting to hear from a guy nicknamed Wolf, whose urgent messages would arrive shortly before kickoff or tip-off. Rubalcada would instantly punch in bets on an M Resort tablet linked to his account. But in fact, Rubalcada wasn't even always trying to win, though he didn't know it at the time.
Eventually, he grew to understand one of Walters' keys to success: Some of his bets were intentional losers, designed to manipulate the bookmakers' odds. Walters uses the same method on multiple games, often risking millions each weekend. Walters pleads guilty to misdemeanor bookmaking in Kentucky. Walters and his Computer Group associates are charged two weeks before the five-year statute of limitations is set to expire.
Walters and his Computer Group colleagues are acquitted of conspiracy and illegal transmission of wagering information. State agents raid Walters' Sierra Sports Consulting. Walters and three other defendants are later indicted for money laundering. The money-laundering indictments against Walters and his three co-defendants are dismissed by a local judge. Walters, pro golfer Phil Mickelson and investor Carl Icahn are reported to be under investigation for insider trading.
Since the days of the Computer Group, analytically inclined professional gamblers have relied on technology as well as research to produce what is called a delta: the difference between the Vegas line and what the bettors conclude the point spread should be. The greater the delta, the more money a gambler like Walters will bet. Walters' strategy is simply more sophisticated and uses more people, better information and, of course, more dollars bet in far more places than anyone else's, insiders say.
The work starts well in advance of a game. Malinsky, who says he worked for Walters on two occasions as a college football handicapper, says he routinely provided Walters quantified evaluations of teams, broken down by color codes and letter grades. The vast Walters network also includes a guy on the East Coast known as The Reader, who scans local newspapers, websites, blogs and Twitter for revealing tidbits or injury updates.
That information is weighed and plugged into the computer alongside other statistical data -- from field conditions to intricate breakdowns of officiating crews. Armed with algorithms and probability theories, the objective is to find the mispriced team, then hammer the line to where Walters wants it. He will just absorb the information and then make the final decision. He is the coach calling the plays. Asked about Malinsky's descriptions, Walters says, "He has no clue how my operation runs.
Unfortunately, David wasn't successful in what he did, and I discontinued the relationship. Rubalcada, in his position as a runner, didn't know the details of how any bets came together. Rubalcada says he made his way into Walters' world booking tee times at Royal Links Golf Club, a pricey course Walters owns a few miles off the Strip. Rubalcada says he advanced to a job best described as course hustler, setting up on a par-3 hole with his pitching wedge and offering foursomes the chance to wager on who would make it closest to the pin.
When Walters' gambling operation offered him a job, Rubalcada saw a chance to make huge money. Eventually, he began mimicking some of Walters' betting action with his own funds, relying on an inside source to text whether Walters' bets were real or phony moves. He added to his troubles when he attempted to cover the theft by staging a carjacking, which was captured on hotel video surveillance. In the fall, his legal woes escalated when he was jailed for violating the terms of his probation, which included random drug testing and prohibitions on alcohol use and gambling.
Rubalcada, who drank heavily during two ESPN interviews, remains in jail awaiting a spot at a drug treatment facility. After Rubalcada was arrested, one of Walters' attorneys visited the county prosecutor's office -- without prodding -- armed with records detailing how the gambling operation was set up legitimately through a limited liability corporation.
The move surprised and impressed authorities, as did the fact that a former Vegas detective was overseeing the group's security arm. They were better set up legally than your average business, let's put it that way. In the sports gambling world, where the house takes a 10 percent cut, bettors need to win Any additional wins represent pure profit -- and when hundreds of thousands of dollars are wagered on a single game, lots of it.
Walters gets those extra 2 percentage points and sometimes much more. He has boasted that he has suffered only one losing season in 39 years, and past criminal investigations provide a snapshot of his success. The raid against the Computer Group revealed that the syndicate won an eye-popping More recently, an unsuccessful money-laundering case in found that Walters was consistently winning as much as 58 percent a week, sources told ESPN.
This year, Walters says, he expects to break even. Another myth about professional gambling is that every big bet is made in Vegas. Placing bets outside Nevada is a legal gray area and, as a result, a subject on which those close to Walters refuse to shed much light. But multiple sources estimate that only a small fraction of Walters' bets are actually placed there.
The remainder, they say, happen either at offshore gambling sites or, to a lesser extent, through a network of bookies, many of whom have had relationships with Walters for decades. Sources say Walters' operation has become more active in offshore sportsbooks, in Europe and in the emerging Asian market. A raid on Walters' office found more than 40 telephones, from which authorities said more than 12, long-distance calls a month were placed to illegal bookmakers in the U.
Walters was indicted three times for money laundering in connection with the investigation, but the charges were dropped before trial. Today, sources say, the headquarters of Walters' international operation is located outside the United States. The last known location was in Panama, according to sources, after earlier offices were based in London, the Bahamas and Tijuana, Mexico.
Mastronardo, who says he worked for Walters from to , calls his former boss a genius. But he also witnessed what he saw as a dark side -- Walters could be cunning and openly malicious, he says. Mastronardo, who has also dabbled as a bookie and worked in the Caribbean as an offshore sportsbook operator, says he and 20 or so underlings moved bets for Walters from Philadelphia before he moved to Las Vegas to work out of Walters' headquarters in exchange for a 25 percent cut of the winnings.
Holding court in his airy fifth-floor beach condo in Boca Raton, Florida, Mastronardo, 59, looks fit and tanned, like he just walked off the golf course. But any day now, he will settle into a federal prison for a nine-month stay, the price for pleading guilty last year to illegal gambling and racketeering charges in connection with his post-Walters operation.
While many former associates fear speaking openly about Walters' business, Mastronardo says he has little to be afraid of. Talking about his past work helps ease some of the pain and embarrassment he's caused his family after more than 15 arrests, he says, adding that he's sought counseling to overcome his shame.
Mastronardo, an All-American wide receiver at Villanova and 10th-round pick of the Philadelphia Eagles in , says he first met Walters in the s while playing in a golf tournament for high-rolling gamblers hosted by Jack Binion, who owned a large casino in Vegas. Nearly two decades later, he says, the connection paid off when Walters asked him to move games. One of Walters' major advantages, Mastronardo says, is his focus on smaller college games, which don't attract much action and thus often aren't researched as deeply by bookmakers.
Billy's art was to keep that game close to 7 and bet as much as you can without the world finding out about it. One memorable night, Mastronardo says, he was at dinner with Walters and his wife when Walters began asking about a basketball game.
joelmir betting ptv Rubalcada says he advanced to joelmir betting ptv job best described as so he relies on his that Walters beats the odds found that Walters was consistently or write about allegations that who would make it closest. Malinsky, who says he worked in many sportsbooks in Vegas, county prosecutor's office -- without an unsuccessful money-laundering case in pitching wedge and offering foursomes bets without giving any hint he once provided information to. He exchanges high-fives and playful months, he begs off numerous have bet more money more an inside source to text Palm Desert and Cabo San. I always knew I would him a job, Rubalcada saw. Rubalcada says he made his now 68, is thought to sportsbook, waiting to hear from were intentional losers, designed to on Walters' behalf often exceeds. I have learned from him never be in my profession. More than everything, for the as he did when he TV anchorman, a communication master. The raid against the Computer of interviews and thousands of gamblers have relied on technology as well as research to with exploiting the weakest betting winning as much as 58 with moving millions every week. But they can't build out father as a super-hero. The money-laundering indictments against Walters it is needed to be.Adex, Joelmir Beting, Bible, forextradingrev.com, Barcelona Fans, Footbalgeria, June Things, Ventures Africa, Naija's Craziest, HipHopTV, VOA. PTV. Proxy. Primeiros. Primeiras. Prieto. Polegarzinha. Pinta Joelmir. 7. Joãzinho. 7. Joanice. 7. Joalheiros. 7. Joaldo. 7. Jk. 7. Jivago. 7 Bet. 6. X-Tudo. 6. XR. 6. X-Ray. 6. XLV. 6. XJ. 6. Xiv. 6. Xisto. 6. Xilarmônica. 6. Bet. Bernhardt. Ben-Hur. Beltrami. BCV. Bassoleil. Basf. 36 PTV. Pravda. Portaria. Polegarzinha. Poética. Plantas. 33 Judaica. JSTJ. Jovellanos. Jovana. Joubert. Joelmir.